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Florida Institute of Education

ELLM/Plus Program Components

  • Emergent Literacy

    Reading Aloud and Emergent Comprehension

    Reading aloud to children reinforces their understanding of print and provides opportunities for them to see letters and words, and hear the sounds that the letters make. Reading aloud helps children develop vocabulary skills and comprehensive skills as well as knowledge of story structure.

    Print Concepts

    Print concepts help children understand how language looks in written form. The teacher introduces print concepts and models strategies for children to use as they learn about print through reading and writing.

    Oral Language, Listening, Vocabulary, and Concept Development

    Oral language influences early acquisition of literacy. It provides children with an opportunity to understand how to access their knowledge in a way that will help them understand the words in a text.

    Letter and Sound Knowledge

    Letter and Sound Knowledge is the ability to recognize the letters of the alphabet and their sounds. Children learn the names and sounds of letters by working with a cluster of letters. Letter clusters are created by assessing children’s recognition of upper- and lowercase letters. Children are provided with explicit instruction in letter recognition. Both upper- and lowercase letters are taught at the same time to improve children’s recognition of letters and their sounds.

    Phonological Awareness and Phonics Connections

    Phonological Awareness is the ability to hear, focus on, think about, recognize, and manipulate the phonemes of spoken words. Children move through the levels of phonological awareness by starting at the beginning levels (Levels 1-6) to gain a solid foundation, and then moving through the more advanced levels (Levels 7-12) as they demonstrate success. Phonics connection activities are provided to give children opportunities to connect phonological awareness with print.

    Emergent Writing

    For children to become successful writers, they must have opportunities to write daily. Children begin to write by scribbling, drawing, and writing letter-like formations, strings of letters, and then words. Teachers help children move through the characteristics of writing by participating in daily writing experiences.


    Engage children in non-literacy-related activities
    for two hours throughout the day. 

  • Mathematics
    To prepare children to become problem solvers, critical thinkers, and independent thinkers, the mathematics portion of the ELLM/Plus curriculum provides daily whole-group and small-group teaching episodes to engage children in using number concepts, shapes, patterns, and mathematical processes to question and contribute ideas to solve real-world problems.
  • Science
    To continue children's development as problem solvers and independent critical thinkers, the science portion of the ELLM/Plus curriculum provides teachers with whole-group and small-group teaching episodes in the areas of earth science, life science, and physical science.
  • Social Sciences
    To prepare children to be productive members of our diverse society, the ELLM/Plus curriculum engages children in daily social studies activities and discussions about people from different cultures and from different periods of time.
  • The Arts
    The ELLM/Plus curriculum engages children in daily activities to help them understand, appreciate, and express themselves using these different art and music forms.
  • Motor Development
    Gross motor activities involve movements using the entire body or large parts of the body. The actions that children develop include moving with balance and control and coordinating movements to perform simple tasks. Fine motor activities use the small muscles of the body and its extremities. Development requires dexterity, precision, and manipulative skills.
  • Physical Health
    The physical health component addresses excercise, nutrition, physical health, dental health, auditory and visual development. Comprehensive physical development and health programs offer great potential for enhancing the capacity of children’s minds and bodies.
  • Rituals and Routines
    Rituals and routines help to provide a classroom environment that fosters children’s curiosity, creativity, persistence, and problem solving. Routines are regular or repeated ways of doing things. Rituals are more symbolic in nature, creating a sense of belonging and community. When rituals and routines are used children can anticipate what will happen next, feel nurtured, and move smoothly from activity to activity.
  • Learning Centers
    • Listening Center
    • Letter Center
    • Writing Center
    • Independent Reading Center
    • Word Wall Center
    • Exploration Center (Mathematics/Science)
    • Housekeeping/Community Center (Social Studies)
    • Art and Music Center and Dramatic Center