Can UNF require faculty members to excuse a student's absence due to pregnancy, childbirth, miscarriage, abortion, or related conditions?
Title IX requires that, at minimum, faculty excuse medically-necessary absences related to these conditions. This is a requirement of federal law and applies regardless of a professor's attendance policy. So that they may return in the status they held prior to their absence, students returning from leave must be permitted to make up any credits missed, including exams, projects, and in-class participation assignments. Any make-up work assigned should be comparable with the amount of work given to other students, not extra. UNF is responsible for ensuring these rules are followed by its faculty.
Does Title IX impact research?
Title IX covers all aspects of the educational program, including the lab and clinical settings. Researchers are covered by Title IX's protections for students, employees, or both. For those who need help managing research demands while a student or employee is on leave, assistance is often available from the granting agency to pay for a temporary replacement. Granting agencies also often "stop the clock" for researchers impacted by family/medical leave.
Do students and employees have a right to pump milk at school/work?
UNF should accommodate necessary absences for pumping breastmilk, just as it must accommodate other medically-necessary absences resulting from pregnancy and related conditions.
The Women's Center has a Nursing Nest for mothers to use to breastfeed or express milk. The Nursing Nest is a private, secure space that includes power outlets for personal pumps and a plush recliner for comfort and relaxation. The Nursing Nest is located in the Women's Center in Building 2, Room 2103.
Can harassing a student because of pregnancy violate Title IX?
Title IX prohibits harassment of students based on sex, including harassment because of pregnancy or related conditions. Harassing conduct can take many forms, including verbal acts and name-calling, graphic and written statements, and other conduct that may be humiliating or physically threatening or harmful. Particular actions that could constitute prohibited harassment include making sexual comments or jokes about a student's pregnancy, calling a pregnant student sexually charged names, spreading rumors about the student's sexual activity, and making sexual propositions or gestures.
Universities must take prompt and effective steps reasonably calculated to end pregnancy-related harassment, prevent its recurrence, and eliminate any hostile environment created by the harassment. The university violates Title IX if sexual harassment or other pregnancy-related harassment by employees, students, or third parties is sufficiently serious that it interferes with a student's ability to benefit from or participate in UNF's programs or activities, and the harassment is encouraged, tolerated, not adequately addressed, or ignored by employees.
Does Title IX require schools to provide pregnant students with services and accommodations equal to those provided to non-pregnant students.?
Schools are required to provide pregnant students, and students with related conditions such as childbirth, or false pregnancy, with at least the same special services as it provides to students with other temporary medical conditions. Pregnant students and those with related medical conditions may also be eligible for disability protections and services under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), depending upon their condition. Contact the ADA Compliance Office at 904-620-2870 for more information.