Skip to Main Content
Office of Diversity and Inclusion

Education & Reduction Resources

twoColumn twoLeft

3 D's of Bystander Intervention


The Direct approach uses words or actions to non-confrontationally assist the person. Direct Intervention is used when you feel safe and capable of intervening directly.


If you do not feel comfortable directly approaching the situation, look for someone else to assist you. There is much power in numbers. Delegating looks different for each case, but you may be interested in calling a resource such as 911, a Victim Advocate, a Resident Assistant, the Counseling Center, or a friend. These resources can assist you with intervening.


Distraction is a strategy of intervening that is both direct and non – confrontational. There are many ways to disrupt a situation. You can start a conversation with the person, spill a drink, or compliment their attire. Your goal is to prevent the problem from escalating.

  • (To be added)
    • Rape is an aggressive act. It is a crime of violence where sex is the weapon.
    • Most sexual assaults are committed by someone known to the victim - friends, acquaintances, intimates, and family members.
    • The vast majority of sexual victimizations occur in the evening.
    • The highest risk group for rape are individuals who identify as women or LGBTQ+.
    • Men are also victims of sexual violence.
    • The majority of sexual victimizations occur in living quarters.
    • Most victims do not report the crime.
    • Alcohol is frequently involved in rapes.
    • The critical issue in rape is consent.
    • Help is available.