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Active Shooter – Campus Emergency Procedures 

These safety tips and guidelines are not all inclusive, but if understood, reviewed and periodically practiced, can increase your chances of surviving an active shooter. 

Active Shooter Defined

An armed suspect(s) who is discharging a firearm at civilians or law enforcement or randomly firing into an area where it is reasonably expected that persons could be struck by suspect fire.

These situations require law enforcement to take immediate action to end the danger.

The information below provides a set of guidelines for active shooter incidents on campus. However, every incident varies, making it impossible to provide an absolute answer for every situation. 



Each year, students become victims of violence on college and university campuses. While campus shootings are rare, assaults, intimate partner violence, and stalking are not uncommon. Violence, however, is almost always evolutionary with warning signs along the way. The purpose of this video is to help students, faculty and staff recognize these warning signs and understand how to respond to them to prevent violence on campus. 

FLASHPOINT on Campus Video (around 21 minutes)


Please watch the approximately 6 minute video below prior to reading the listed tips. They will make more sense if reviewed in context with the information from the video.




  • If there is an escape path, and it is safe to do so, attempt to evacuate. 
  • Evacuate whether others agree to or not.
  • Leave your belongings behind.
  • Help others escape if possible.
  • Prevent others from entering the area.
  • If in a gym, theater or auditorium and the shooter is not present, leave through external exits and toward any law enforcement personnel or police vehicle keeping your hands visible to police. Do what the police tell you!
  • Call 9-1-1 when you are safe.
  • Do not leave the area entirely; you may have valuable information regarding the suspect or incident that responding police officers will need. Once in a safe place, stay there.


  • If evacuation is not possible, find a place to hide.
  • Silence your cell phone.
  • If you are in a hallway, get to a nearby room and secure it. Unless you are close to an exit, do not attempt to run through a long hallway to get to an exit as you may encounter the shooter.
  • Your hiding place should:
    • Be out of the shooter's view.
    • Provide protection if shots are fired in your direction.
    • Not trap or restrict your options for movement.            
  • Lock the door. If the door doesn't lock, try to blockade it with heavy objects or insert a wedge to prevent it from opening. 
  • Spread out, do not bunch up in the classroom.
  • Remain very quiet.
  • Hide behind large objects.
  • If the door has a window, cover it if you can. Depending on the shooter’s location, consider exiting through windows. Have someone watch the door as you get as many out the windows (ground floor) as calmly and quietly as possible.
  • If the windows do not open or you cannot break them or you are not on a ground floor, get out of sight from the door and stay low and quiet.
  • If in an open space, stay alert and look for cover, such as brick walls, large trees, retaining walls, parked vehicles or any other object that may stop gunfire rounds from penetrating.


As a last resort, and only if your life is in danger:

  • Attempt to incapacitate the shooter.
  • Act with physical aggression.
  • Improvise weapons.
  • Commit to your actions.

Trapped with the shooter

  • If you are trapped in a room with the shooter, do not do anything to provoke the shooter. If no shooting is occurring, do what the shooter says and do not move suddenly.
  • If the shooter starts shooting, take decisive action: (1) freeze: stay still and hope they do not shoot you, (2) flee: run for an exit while zigzagging (if appropriate), or (3) fight: attack the shooter. Attacking the shooter is very dangerous, but may be less dangerous than doing nothing in some cases. A moving target is harder to hit than a stationary one, and the last thing the shooter will expect is to be attacked by an unarmed person. Any option (freezing, fleeing or fighting) may result in a bad outcome. 

9-1-1 - When Law Enforcement Arrives


Remain calm and follow instructions.
Keep your hands visible at all times.
Avoid pointing or yelling.
Know that help for the injured is on its way.

Shots Fired On Campus

This video provides students, faculty and staff with critical guidance on how to recognize and survive an active shooter situation.

Shots Fired On Campus Video (around 20 minutes)

Always notify the police department as soon as it is safe to do so.


Call 911 - Be clear to the operator that you are on the UNF Campus or call UPD’s 24-Hour Non-Emergency number 904.620.2800