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What Can You Do With A Major In Biology?  


Careers in the field of biology vary, differing in the type of job and the type of setting one works in.  Most people in the field of biology work in the area of research and development.  Other types of work include management, administration, planning and administrating programs for testing food and drugs, consulting to business firms or government, writing for technical publications, sales and service for chemical manufacturing companies, and testing and inspecting food, drugs, and other products.



Coastal Environmental Science
Coastal Biology
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Molecular and Cell Biology and Biotechnology
Biomedical Sciences  

Typical Career Paths: 

Agronomist   Environmental Engineer   Marine Engineering Tech
Animal Scientist   Environmental Health   Marine Fisheries Worker
Aquaculture Farmer   Environmental Protection   Marine Geologist
Aqua Culturist   Aquarium and Museum   Fish Hatchery Tech
Aquarium Technician   Fisheries Conservation   Aquatic BIologist
Barrier Beach Manager   Food Scientist-Tech   Medical Laboratory Tech
Bio-Engineer   Forester   Medical Librarian
Bio-Technologist   Genetic Engineering Researcher   Medical Technologist
Biochemist   Meteorologist   Biometrician
Health Officer   Microbiologist   Horticulturist
Molecular Biologist   Botanist   Hospital Administrator
Mortician   Chemical Oceanographer   Hydrographic Surveyor
Chiropractor   Industrial Hygienist   Mycologist
Coastal Resources Manager   Industrial Marine Economist   Naval Architect
Commercial Fishing Engineer   Limnological Technician   Net Designer
Coroner   Marine Coastal Consultant   Neurobiologist
Dentist   Marine Bacteriologist   Oceanographer
Dietitian and Nutritionist   Marine Biologist   Paramedic
Ecologist   Marine Ecologist   Parasitologist
Pharmacy Technician   Physical Therapist   Pharmaceutical Sales
Science Lab Technician   Public Health Worker   Physician
Zoologist   Science Teacher   Salt Marsh Manager
Wildlife Resources Manager   State Parks and Recreation   Science Writer
Technical Writer   Test Inspection Technician   Soil Conservationist
Underwater Technician   Veterinarian   Geophysicist/Physicist
Wildlife Biologist   Toxicologist   Water Quality Technician
Seafood Processor-Researcher   Science Illustrator   Inland Water Transportation Worker

Typical Employers/Work Settings 

Agricultural Experiment Stations
Agricultural Industry
Biotechnology Firms
Botanical Gardens/Arboretums
Chemical Companies
Colleges and Universities
Conservation Agencies
Cosmetic Industry
Department of Agriculture
Drug Companies
Environmental and Pollution
Control Agencies 
Federal and State Government Laboratory
Fish and Wildlife Service
Fish Hatcheries
Inspection Agencies
Medical Centers
Medical Research Laboratories
Pharmaceutical Companies 

Match This Major To Careers

Question Mark with wording What Can I do with this major?

Beginning Salary Range:
According to the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) Summer 2011 Salary Survey, beginning salaries for graduates with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Biology, on an average, start at about $49,222 per year.  Master's Degree average: $50,158. 

Salary Resources

Skills Needed For This Career

Operate Scientific equipment   Independent worker
Information handling and organization   Curiosity and creativity
Biology theory and practical knowledge   Statistical awareness
Oral and written communication   Numerical computation
Analytical and quantitative abilities   Innovative talents
Problem solving   Technical skills
Teamwork   Data analysis

Links to Professional Associations  

Professional Associations are important to explore because many offer student memberships and can give you access to other professionals and their experiences, research, convention or workshop opportunities, professional development and most importantly job databases 

American Academy of Forensic Sciences

American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists

American Association of Zoo Keepers

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

Botanical Society of America  

American Institute of Biological Sciences: Careers
American Society of Cell Biology
American Society of Microbiology
American Society of Human Genetics
The International Society for Computational Biology
Biology Industry Organization

The National Academies

Job Search/Career Information 

National Organizations or Databases - advocates for environmental education and employment; for environmentalists by environmentalists

 General Job Search Links 

 AAAS Science Career Link

American Institute of Biological Sciences

Multi Discipline
 Careers in Biology

Careers in Botany 

Careers in Biological Sciences

Careers in Science and Engineering


Molecular and Cellular    

Careers in Genetic Counseling

Careers in Human Genetics 

Careers in the Microbiological Sciences

Careers in Plant Pathology  


Organismal or Field

Careers in Animal Behavior  

Careers for Biology Majors

Careers in Ecology  

Careers in Marine Mammal Science   

Careers in Oceanography, Marine Science & Marine Biology

Guide to Outdoor/Environmental Careers

Careers with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Guide to Zoological Park Careers

Zoo Keeping As a Career

Zoo and Aquarium Career Opportunities

Graduate Schools  

Graduate and Professional Schools  

Link to UNF Program 

The College of Arts and Sciences  at the University of North Florida offers a Bachelor of Science in  Biology.  

Holland Codes 

Coastal Biology: Investigative, Realistic, Conventional (IRC)
Coastal Environmental Science: Investigative; Realistic; Social (IRS)
Ecology and Evolutionary: Investigative; Realistic (IR)
Molecular/Cell Biology and Biotechnology: Investigative; Conventional, Realistic (ICR)
Biomedical Sciences: Investigative; Realistic (IR) 

Career Action Plan

  • Conduct an informational interview and/or shadow a professional in the field 
  • Join a professional association for this career field
  • Develop leadership skills by participating in on-campus activities (RA, Peer Advisor, Student Government, Presidential Envoys, Fraternity, Sorority, Student Clubs)
  • Gain hands-on experience by doing an internship in your junior and/or senior years
  • Participate in summer research institutes
  • Gain research experience by working with a professor or faculty member on their research