About six species of Stenotaphrum
are native to Africa, Asia,
South America, and North
America. They are herbaceous plants. This species is native to the
southeastern United States
south through South America and in west Africa.
It is commonly used as a turf grass and livestock forage in warm climates
around the world. Cultivated varieties
have been selected for pest resistance, shade tolerance, and suitability in
lawns and in pastures.
Light: sun, part shade
Water: moist soil, well-drained soil, somewhat drought tolerant
Soil: adaptable to soil types
St. Augustine grass is a durable and adaptable plant. To make a dense turf, however, it requires full sun or bright shade, moderate traffic, irrigation during dry spells, and regular fertilization. It is more salt tolerant than most turf grasses.