According to some scientists, one widespread species of Pteridium is native around the world, on
every continent except Antarctica. Others
divide it into several species. This plant is used for a variety of purposes. Plants
have an underground stem (rhizome) and sturdy, divided leaves. Young,
unexpanded leaves (fiddleheads) are eaten by some people but the plant contains
carcinogens and all parts are potentially poisonous. The plants have been used
as local medicines and for dyes.
Light: full sun to part shade
Water: moderately drought tolerant, tolerates moisture if the soil is well-drained
Soil: adaptable to a wide pH range
This native plant is not available in local nurseries. It is an appropriate plant for a natural garden and may be encouraged where it grows naturally. It is known to spread aggressively in ideal situations. In dry, sandy soils, it does not spread rapidly.