About eight hundred species of Ficus are native to warm regions of the world. They range from the giant
banyan trees that spread over one thousand feet wide to vines and small shrubs.
Several Ficus species are grown in
gardens and as house plants. This species produces the edible fig fruit of
commerce. Although it has been cultivated in the Mediterranean region of Europe and Africa for
thousands of years, it is thought to have originated in Asia.
The fig can grow to thirty feet tall in a warm climate. Flowers are borne
inside an oval inflorescence with a small opening at one end. The flowers are
pollinated by a single species of wasp that was introduced to the United States
to make fig production possible. Some people experience skin irrigation when
exposed to the white sap of figs.
Light: full sun to part shade
Water: well-drained soil, tolerates drought
Soil: very adaptable provided the soil drains well
The fig grows easily in northeast Florida. It is adaptable, performing best in
a well-drained, sunny location.