Carpinus caroliniana - Carolina ironwood
About 25 species of Carpinus
are native to Asia, Europe,
and North America. This deciduous tree is
native to the eastern United
States. It is distinguished by a smooth gray
trunk that is irregularly fluted. Leaves are simple with teeth along the margin.
Flowers and fruits are inconspicuous. The wood is very hard and resists
splitting. Because the tree is small, its lumber has relatively few uses.
Reportedly, it has been used to make dishes and tool handles. American Indians
used this tree to treat several ailments.
See this plant along the Lake Oneida boardwalk.
Small tree to about twenty feet tall.
Light: sun, part shade
Water: moist soil, limited drought tolerance
Soil: adaptable to soil types, no special requirements
This is an uncommon plant in northeast Florida nurseries and gardens. It is an easy plant to grow provided the site is not too dry.