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Plants of the UNF Campus

Baccharis halimifolia - Groundsel tree
Family Asteraceae


Over 300 species of Baccharis are native to the Americas. Some species are leafless with photosynthetic stems. The groundsel tree is a native evergreen shrub to twelve feet or more in height. Seedlings grow rapidly and come up in disturbed areas in a wide range of environments. The plant is attractive in full flower, usually in late fall. Small white flowers attract a wide variety of pollinators and give rise to many small, dandelion-like seeds that float long distances in the autumn winds. Native Americans and early settlers used this plant to treat colds and other respiratory ailments. The twiggy stems were also used to make homemade brooms.


See plants along the nature trails at Lake Oneida.


A shrub that grows to twelve feet or more.

Care Instructions:

Light: full sun to part shade (sun is best)

Water: drought tolerant once established

Soil: tolerant of a wide range of conditions, no special requirements

Groundsel tree is very adaptable, tolerant of moist soils, dry soils, salty conditions, sunny and partially shaded sites. Although it is native and attractive in flower, this plant can be weedy in a manicured garden.