Substance Categories


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    • Street Names: boom, chronic, gangster, hash, hash oil, hemp
    • Swallowed or smoked


    • Street Names: blunt, dope, ganja, grass, herb, joints, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, sinsemilla, skunk, weed
    • Swallowed or smoked


Cannabinoids cause:

  • Euphoria
  • Slowed thinking and reaction time
  • Impaired balance and coordination
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Tolerance
  • Increased heart rate
  • Impaired memory and learning
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Cough
  • Panic attacks
  • Addiction



Barbiturates AKA Amytal, Nembutal, Seconal, Phenobarbital

    • Street Names: barbs, reds, red birds, phennies, tooies, yellows, yellow jackets
    • Injected or swallowed
    • Causes: sedation, drowsiness/depression, unusual excitement, fever, irritability, poor judgment, slurred speech, dizziness, life-threatening withdrawal


Benzodiazepines AKA Ativan, Halcion, Librium, Valium, Xanax

    • Street Names: candy, downers, sleeping pills, tranks
    • Swallowed or injected
    • Causes: sedation, drowsiness/dizziness


Flunitrazepam AKA Rohypnol

    • Street Names: forget-me pill, Mexican Valium, R2, Roche, roofies, roofinol, rope, rophies
    • Swallowed or snorted
    • Causes: visual and gastrointestinal disturbances, urinary retention, memory loss for the time under the drug's effects


GHB AKA gamma-hydroxybutyrate

    • Street Names: G, Georgia home boy, grievous bodily harm, liquid ecstasy
    • Swallowed
    • Causes: drowsiness, nausea/vomiting, headache, loss of consciousness, loss of reflexes, seizures, coma, death


Methaqualone AKA Quaalude, Sopor, Parest

    • Street Names: ludes, mandrex, quad, quay
    • Injected or swallowed
  • Causes: euphoria/depression, poor reflexes, slurred speech, coma


Depressants cause:

  • Reduced anxiety
  • Lowered inhibitions
  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Respiratory depression and arrest
  • Judgment
  • Confusion
  • Memory
  • Addiction
  • Feeling of well-being
  • Slowed pulse and breathing
  • Poor concentration/fatigue
  • Impaired coordination
  • Death

Dissociative Anesthetics


 Ketamine AKA Ketalar SV

    • Street Names: cat Valiums, K, Special K, vitamin K
    • Injected, snorted, or smoked
    • Causes: at high doses, delirium, depression, respiratory depression and arrest


PCP and analogs AKA phencyclidine

    • Street Names: angel dust, boat, hog, love boat, peace pill
    • Injected, swallowed, or smoked
    • Causes: possible decrease in blood pressure and heart rate, panic, aggression, violence/loss of appetite, depression


Dissociative Anesthetics cause:

  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Impaired motor function/memory loss
  • Numbness
  • Nausea/vomiting




 LSD AKA lysergic acid diethylamide

    • Street Names: acid, blotter, boomers, cubes, microdot, yellow sunshines
    • Swallowed and absorbed through mouth tissues
    • Causes: increased body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite, sleeplessness, numbness, weakness, tremors, persistent mental disorders



    • Street Names: buttons, cactus, mesc, peyote
    • Swallowed or smoked
    • Causes: increased body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure; loss of appetite, sleeplessness, numbness, weakness, tremors



    • Street Names: magic mushroom, purple passion, shrooms
    • Swallowed
    • Causes: nervousness and paranoia


Hallucinogens cause:

  • Altered states of perception and feeling
  • Nausea
  • Persisting perception disorder (flashbacks)


Opioids and Morphine Derivatives


Codeine AKA Empirin with Codeine, Fiorinal with Codeine, Robitussin A-C, Tylenol with Codeine

    • Street Names: Captain Cody, schoolboy; (with glutethimide) doors & fours, loads, pancakes and syrup
    • Injected or swallowed
    • Causes: less analgesia, sedation, and respiratory depression than morphine


Fentanyl and Fentanyl Analogs AKA Actiq, Duragesic, Sublimaze

    • Street Names: Apache, China girl, China white, dance fever, friend, goodfella, jackpot, murder 8, TNT, Tango and Cash
    • Injected, smoked, or snorted


Heroin AKA diacetyl-morphine

    • Street Names: brown sugar, dope, H, horse, junk, skag, skunk, smack, white horse
    • Injected, smoked, or snorted
    • Causes: staggering gait


Morphine AKA Roxanol, Duramorph

    • Street Names: M, Miss Emma, monkey, white stuff
    • Injected, swallowed, or smoked


Opium AKA laudanum, paregoric

    • Street Names: big O, black stuff, block, gum, hop
    • Swallowed or smoked


Oxycodone HCL AKA Oxycontin

    • Street Names: Oxy, O.C., killer


Hydrocodone Bitartrate, Acetaminophen AKA Vicodin

  • Street Names: vike, Watson-387
  • Swallowed


Opioids and Morphine Derivatives cause:

  • Pain relief
  • Constipation
  • Coma
  • Unconsciousness
  • Euphoria
  • Confusion
  • Tolerance
  • Respiratory depression and arrest
  • Drowsiness/nausea
  • Sedation
  • Addiction
  • Death




 Amphetamine AKA Biphetamine, Dexedrine

    • Street Names: bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers
    • Injected, swallowed, smoked, or snorted
    • Causes: rapid breathing/tremor, loss of coordination; irritability, anxiousness, restlessness, delirium, panic, paranoia, impulsive behavior, aggressiveness, tolerance, addiction, psychosis


Cocaine AKA Cocaine hydrochloride

    • Street Names: blow, bump, C, candy, Charlie, coke, crack, flake, rock, snow, toot
    • Injected, smoked, or snorted
    • Causes: increased temperature/chest pain, respiratory failure, nausea, abdominal pain, strokes, seizures, headaches, malnutrition, panic attacks


MDMA (methylenedioxy-methamphetamine)

    • Street Names: Adam, clarity, ecstasy, Eve, lover's speed, peace, STP, X, XTC
    • Swallowed
    • Causes: mild hallucinogenic effects, increased tactile sensitivity, empathic feelings/impaired memory and learning, hyperthermia, cardiac toxicity, renal failure, liver toxicity


Methamphetamine AKA Desoxyn

    • Street Names: chalk, crank, crystal, fire, glass, go fast, ice, meth, speed
    • Injected, swallowed, smoked, or snorted
    • Causes: aggression, violence, psychotic behavior/memory loss, cardiac and neurological damage; impaired memory and learning, tolerance, addiction


Methylphenidate (safe and effective for treatment of ADHD) AKA Ritalin

    • Street Names: JIF, MPH, R-ball, Skippy, the smart drug, vitamin R
    • Injected, swallowed, or snorted



    • Street Names: cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, snuff, spit tobacco, bidis, chew
    • Smoked, snorted, or taken in snuff and spit tobacco
    • Causes: additional effects attributable to tobacco exposure; adverse pregnancy outcomes; chronic lung disease, cardiovascular disease, stroke, cancer, tolerance, addiction


Stimulants cause:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Metabolism
  • Energy
  • Rapid or irregular heart beat
  • Weight loss
  • Nervousness
  • Blood pressure
  • Feelings of exhilaration
  • Increased mental alertness
  • Reduced appetite
  • Heart failure
  • Insomnia

Other Compounds


Anabolic steroids AKA Anadrol, Oxandrin, Durabolin, Depo-Testosterone, Equipoise

  • Street Names: roids, juice
  • Injected, swallowed, or applied to skin
  • Causes: (no intoxication effects), hypertension, blood clotting and cholesterol changes, liver cysts and cancer, kidney cancer, hostility and aggression, acne; in adolescents, premature stoppage of growth; in males, prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females, menstrual irregularities, development of beard and other masculine characteristics


Dextromethorphan (DXM) AKA Robotripping, Robo, Triple C (found in some cough and cold medications)

    • Swallowed
    • Causes: Dissociative effects, distorted visual perceptions to complete dissociative effects/for effects at higher doses see 'dissociative anesthetics'


Inhalants AKA Solvents (paint thinners, gasoline, glues), gases (butane, propane, aerosol propellants, nitrous oxide), nitrites (isoamyl, isobutyl, cyclohexyl)

    • Street Names: laughing gas, poppers, snappers, whippets
    • Inhaled through nose or mouth
    • Causes: stimulation, loss of inhibition; headache; nausea or vomiting; slurred speech, loss of motor coordination; wheezing/unconsciousness, cramps, weight loss, muscle weakness, depression, memory impairment, damage to cardiovascular and nervous systems, sudden death