Stormwater is the runoff from precipitation that flows overland that does not infiltrate
into soils. The amount
of stormwater increases with rainfall and the construction of nonporous surfaces
such as roads,sidewalks, and roofs.
Pollutants can be
collected by stormwater run off and deposited into surface waters through man-made conveyances including municipal separate storm sewer systems
(MS4s) potentially having detrimental impacts on ecosystems.
pollutants originate from many human activities including lawn care,construction,and vehicle
maintenance. Common pollutants
found in stormwater include:
Toxic materials including petroleum products, pesticides, detergents,
and other chemicals can harm aquatic ecosystems by killing organisms including invertebrates, fish,
Nutrients including the nitrogen and
phosphorus found in fertilizers and animal waste can cause an overgrowth of algae which can
drive out indigenous plants and animals. In addition,when the algae die off, the decaying matter can deplete the water body of
oxygen killing fish
and other aquatic organisms.
from UNF’s network or storm sewers discharges to several different
water bodies including retention ponds, Candy Cane Lake, Lake Oneida, Sawmill Slough, Ryals Swamp and Boggy
be affected by stormwater
pollution including boaters, fishermen,and anyone who enjoys
the natural beauty of the area.
The Environmental Protection Agency(EPA) regulates stormwater runoff through the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). EPA authorized the Florida Department of Environmental Protection(FDEP) to implement
the NPDES Stormwater Permitting Program in October 2000. FDEP is responsible for issuing permits and performing compliance and enforcement
activities as the NPDES permitting authority in Florida. There are two phases of the NPDES Stormwater Program.
Phase I of
the NPDES Stormwater Program was promulgated in 1990. It requires
large and medium municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s) located in incorporated counties with a population of 100,000 or more to
obtain NPDES permits.
the NPDES Stormwater Program was promulgated in 1999. It requires
MS4s not regulated by Phase I,and small construction activities to obtain NPDES permits and develop comprehensive
stormwater management programs that
will eliminate illicit discharges
to MS4s and reduce pollutants
in stormwater runoff. UNF is a part of the Phase II MS4 program.
As part of the permit application, UNF submitted a list of best management practices (BMP’s) that fulfill
the various elements required as part of a comprehensive stormwater
management program. These BMP’s are to be phased-in over a period of five year sand include the following elements:
An illicit discharge is any discharge
to a municipal separate storm
sewer that is not a part of storm water runoff.
MS4s are not designed to process or discharge such wastes.
Some sources of illicit discharges include the improper disposal of mechanical fluids and toxic chemicals,improper disposal
of debris, and the discharge of industrial waste waters
into storm sewer systems.
Illicit discharges can be reported to:
Environmental Health and Safety: (904) 620-2019
University Police Department: (904) 620-2800