Educational Technologist / Instructional Technologist
(difference is applied and theory)
Education Technology (also known as "EdTech") refers to an area of technology devoted to the development and application of tools (including software, hardware, and processes) intended to promote education in a variety of settings and situations. So an educational technologist (also sometimes known as a learning technologist) is a person who is trained in the field of educational technology and can analyze, design, develop, implement, and evaluate process and tools to enhance learning.
According to the The Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), "Educational technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources" (Richey, R. C., Silber, K. H., & Ely, D. P. (2008). Reflections on the 2008 AECT Definitions of the Field. TechTrends, 52(1), 24-25.). The Encyclopedia of Educational Technology defines it as "a systematic, iterative process for designing instruction or training used to improve performance" (http://www.etc.edu.cn/eet/eet/articles/edtech/index.htm). Michael Spector in his book explains that "Educational Technology involves the disciplined application of knowledge for the purpose of improving learning, instruction and/or performance" (Spector, J. M. (2015). Foundations of educational technology: Integrative approaches and interdisciplinary perspectives. Routledge.).
Technology has become an important aspect of all forms of education and corporate training. Because of this there is a need for people who can assist in the designing, developing, implementing, and assessing instruction. Here are just a few of the titles an educational technologist may have in K12, higher education, corporate, non-profit and government work situations:
- Instructional Designer
- K-12 Teacher
- College/University Instructor/Professor
- Course Developer
- Technical Writer
- Curriculum Developer
- Instructional Materials Developer
- Learning Resources Manager
- Instructional Computing Services
- Distance Education Instructor
As an example of an educational technologist job, T. C. was hired by the Department of Energy as a Technical Writer, where he evaluated existing organizational documents for use as teaching tools and created educational resource materials that was used to teach science in K12 schools, and as part of that position he presented training workshops for science teachers in the strategies and materials that were developed.