## Physics

### AST2002:
Discovering Astronomy

3

*Prerequisite: * High school algebra and trigonometry

*Description: *This course is a survey of current knowledge of the astronomical universe and of how that knowledge has been accumulated. Students will study the solar system, stars, and galaxies, and will review contemporary research and exploration. This course will include occasional observing sessions and there will be three hours of lecture each week.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

### AST2002L:
Discovering Astronomy Lab

1

*Co-requisite: *AST 2002 or permission of the instructor

*Description: *This is an introductory laboratory course with exercises on vision and optics, telescope structure and design, and observing the sun, moon, planets, nebula, and other sky objects. Some required observing sessions will occur at times other than the scheduled laboratory class. This course will include three hours of laboratory.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

*Course Fees: *$25

### AST3217:
Astrophysics I

4

*Prerequisite: * PHY 2049 with a minimum grade of "B"
or permission of instructor

*Co-requisite: *PHY 3101 or permission of the instructor

*Description: *This course is an upper-level introduction to Astrophysics. It presents the physical and mathematical treatment of the properties of the universe and the bodies within it, including the formation, structure, and evolution of stars, stellar nucleosynthesis, binary stars, white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes.

*Availability: *This course is normally available alternate years only.

### AST3402:
Astrophysics II

4

*Prerequisite: * AST 3217 or permission of the instructor

*Co-requisite: *PHY 3101 or permission of the instructor

*Description: *This course is part of a two-semester upper-level introduction to the Astrophysics sequence. It presents the physical and mathematical treatment of the properties of the universe and the bodies within it, including a study of the formation, structure and evolution of galaxies, galactic and extragalactic media, clustering and large scale structure and cosmology.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered alternate years only.

### ESC2000:
Discovering Earth Science

3

*Description: *This course is an introduction to the Earth as a system including the lithosphere, atmosphere, and the hydrosphere. Topics for discussion will include the formation of the Earth and the evolution of its landscape, the atmosphere and principles of weather and climate, the dynamic ocean, comparison with other bodies in the Solar System and human impact on the Earth systems.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

### ESC2000L:
Discovering Earth Science Lab

1

*Co-requisite: *ESC 2000
or GLY 2010

*Description: *This course provides students who are taking, or who have previously taken, Earth Science Lecture (ESC2000) with the hands-on experience required to achieve a greater understanding of the topics covered in lecture. These include the study of rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, etc.

*Course Fees: *$25

### GLY2010:
Physical Geology

3

*Description: *Physical Geology is that branch of geology concerned with understanding the composition of the earth and the physical processes that act on and beneath its surface, based on the study of rocks, minerals, and sediments, their structures and formations, and their origin and alteration. This course is designed for those students who may have taken Earth Science, but who wish to further their knowledge of Earth processes, but it is also designed, in part, for civil and coastal engineering students, plus coastal biology students, who require a foundation and basic understanding of Earth systems.

### PHY1020:
Discovering Physics: How things work

3

*Description: *This course will survey and explore fundamental concepts in physics and how these concepts can be used to understand the world around us. Topics covered include force, energy, electricity, magnetism, and the structure of matter. The course will emphasize conceptual understanding rather than mathematical problem solving. This course is not intended for students planning to major in science or engineering.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Fall and Spring terms only.

### PHY1020L:
Discovering Physics Laboratory: How things work

1

*Co-requisite: *PHY 1020

*Description: *This laboratory will explore fundamental concepts in physics and how these concepts can be used to understand the world around us. It is to be taken with PHY1020 Discovering Physics: How things work as a co-requisite. Topics covered include force, energy, electricity, magnetism, and the structure of matter. The laboratory will emphasize conceptual understanding rather than mathematical problem solving. This laboratory is not intended for students planning to major in science or engineering.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Fall and Spring terms only.

*Course Fees: *$25

### PHY1024:
Exploring Majoring in Physics

1

*Description: *This course will introduce students to the exciting field of physics, especially current topics of interest in physics research at UNF and beyond. Students will be mentored on how to succeed in physics and the many opportunities available to physics majors before and after their graduation with a degree in physics.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Fall term only.

### PHY1028:
Introduction to Physics

2

*Description: *The lecture is to prepare STEM majors for the lower-level physics course sequences in both calculus-based and algebra-based physics. This course is an introduction to classical physics involving a study of motion, fundamental forces, conservation laws of energy and momentum, light waves, electricity and magnetism. An exposure to the philosophy of science and the scientific method forms an essential component of this course. This course cannot be used by natural sciences majors to satisfy degree requirements.

### PHY1028L:
Introduction to Physics Laboratory

1

*Co-requisite: *PHY1028

*Description: *This course explores the topics covered in the lecture course in a laboratory setting. This course focuses on student-driven experimental design and scientific thinking. This course is designed to allow students to explore physical phenomena and test relationships in part by self-inquiry. The skills acquired in this course can be applied in scientific and non-scientific industries. The laboratory exercises will involve topics such as kinematics of free fall and projectile motion, forces, laws of conservation of energy, optical laws of reflection and refraction, the behavior of lenses, and wave phenomena.

### PHY1033:
Discovering Physics

3

*Description: *This course will explore fundamental concepts in physics and how these concepts can be used to understand the world around us. Topics covered include force, energy, electricity, magnetism, and the structure of matter. The course will emphasize conceptual understanding rather than mathematical problem solving. This course is not intended for students planning to major in science or engineering.

### PHY1041:
Physics for Engineers I

3

*Prerequisite: * PHY 1020

*Co-requisite: *MAC 2311

*Description: *This course is only for Civil, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering declared majors. This course will enroll declared Civil, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering majors only. The course surveys fundamental laws and phenomena of mechanics, vibrations and waves, and selected topics in heat and fluids. Emphasis will be placed on the mathematical analysis of physical problems using calculus. The problems will involve physics applications to engineering when possible. Students who have passed a year of high school physics with a minimum grade of B can request to have the PHY 1020 prerequisite waived by the engineering student advisor.

### PHY2042:
Physics for Engineers II

3

*Prerequisite: * PHY 1041 and MAC 2311

*Co-requisite: *MAC 2312

*Description: *This course is only for Civil, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering declared majors. This course will enroll declared Civil, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering majors only. The course surveys fundamental laws and phenomena of electricity, DC and AC electronic circuits, magnetism and selected topics in optics. Emphasis will be placed on the mathematical analysis of physical problems using calculus. The problems will involve physics applications to engineering when possible.

### PHY2048C:
Calculus-based Physics I

4

*Prerequisite: * MAC 2311 and PHY1020 or PHY1028

*Co-requisite: *MAC 2312

*Description: *This course is a four credit hour, integrated lecture/laboratory class taught in a studio setting that promotes conceptual understanding of phenomena through collaborative problem solving and hands-on lab measurements. The theme of this course is to understand how and why things move. Topics covered include kinematics, forces, energy, momentum, oscillations, and heat. The course is intended for science majors and engineers. Calculus is used in this course.

### PHY2049:
Calculus-based Physics II

3

*Prerequisite: * PHY 2048 or PHY2048C and MAC 2312

*Description: * This course is a continuation of PHY 2048 or PHY 2048C with emphasis on electricity, magnetism and light. This course will be three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Fall and Spring terms only.

### PHY2049L:
Calculus-based Physics II Lab

1

*Co-requisite: *PHY 2049
or PHY 2042

*Description: *This course is the laboratory course that accompanies the PHY 2049 or PHY 2042 courses. This course will be three hours of laboratory.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Fall and Spring terms only.

*Course Fees: *$25

### PHY2053:
Algebra-based Physics I

3

*Prerequisite: * Either MAC 1105 and MAC 1114 or just MAC 1147; PHY1028 or permission from the physics department

*Description: *This course is an introduction to mechanics, waves and heat. Calculus is not required in this course. This course will be three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

### PHY2053L:
Algebra-based Physics I Lab

1

*Co-requisite: *PHY 2053

*Description: *This course is the laboratory course that accompanies PHY 2053. This course will be three hours of laboratory.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

*Course Fees: *$25

### PHY2054:
Algebra-based Physics II

3

*Prerequisite: * PHY 2053

*Description: *This course is an introduction to electricity, magnetism, light and modern physics. Calculus is not required in this course. This course will be three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

### PHY2054L:
Algebra-based Physics II Lab

1

*Co-requisite: *PHY 2054

*Description: *This course is the laboratory course that accompanies PHY 2054. This course will be three hours of laboratory.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

*Course Fees: *$25

### PHY2930:
Selected Topics in Physics

v. 1-4

*Prerequisite: * Permission of the instructor

*Description: *This course contains variable topics in physics that are appropriate for students in their freshman or sophomore years.

### PHY3101:
Modern Physics

3

*Prerequisite: * PHY 2049

*Co-requisite: *MAC 2313

*Description: *This course will deal with fundamental developments in physics during the period from 1890 - present, which include relativity, atomic theory and structure, X-rays, the origin of quantum theory, radioactivity and nuclear reactions. This course will be three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Fall term only.

### PHY3101L:
Modern Physics Laboratory

1

*Co-requisite: *PHY 3101 or permission of instructor

*Description: *This course studies experiments that explore radiation and the atomic nature of matter, including the photoelectric effect, atomic emission and absorption spectroscopy, the Franck-Hertz experiment, electron spin resonance and nuclear radiation.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Fall term only.

*Course Fees: *$25

### PHY3220:
Classical Mechanics

4

*Prerequisite: * PHY 2049 and PHZ 3113

*Description: *This course teaches how the principles of Newtonian mechanics are applied to the motion of particles and systems of particles, harmonic oscillators, noninertial reference systems, rigid-body motion, Lagrange's equations with applications and computational methods applied to mechanics. This course will be four hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Spring term only.

### PHY3424C:
Optics with Laboratory

4

*Prerequisite: * PHY 2049 and MAC 2313

*Description: *This course is a study of geometrical and physical optics including an investigation of mirrors, lenses, optical instruments, interference, diffraction, polarization and computational methods applied to optics. The course consists of three hours lecture and three hours laboratory each week.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Fall term only.

*Course Fees: *$25

### PHY3604:
Quantum Mechanics

4

*Prerequisite: * PHY 3101 and PHZ 3113

*Description: *This course is a single semester introduction to the theory of quantum mechanics, including its postulates, operators and eigenvalues, exactly soluble potentials, scattering, angular momentum, atomic structure, and other applications. This course will be four hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Spring term only.

### PHY3722C:
Electronics for Scientists

4

*Prerequisite: * PHY 2049 and MAC 2312

*Description: *This is an introductory course in electronic design and circuitry with emphasis on common scientific instrumentation. This course is three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Spring term only.

*Course Fees: *$25

### PHY4320:
Electricity and Magnetism

4

*Prerequisite: * PHZ 3113

*Description: *This course is a study of electromagnetic phenomena; electrostatic potentials from Laplace's and Poisson's equations; effects of dielectric and magnetic materials; magnetic fields and potentials; induced emf; Maxwell's equations; electromagnetic radiation and waves; and computational methods applied to electricity and magnetism. This course will be four hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Fall term only.

### PHY4523:
Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

4

*Prerequisite: * PHY 3101 or CHM 4410C, and MAC 2313

*Description: *This course is an introduction to thermodynamics, statistical mechanics and kinetic theory, including ensembles and partition functions. This course will be three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Fall term only.

### PHY4610:
Applications of Quantum Mechanics

3

*Prerequisite: * PHY 3604

*Description: *This course focuses on applications of quantum mechanics to topics of modern physics. Tools and concepts developed within PHY 3604 will be used in this course. Specific topics covered include, multi-particle systems, time-independent perturbation theory and its application to the fine-structure and hyperfine structure of atoms, scattering, time-dependent perturbation theory and its application to the absorption and emission of light, lasers, quantum entanglement and ideas of quantum computing. Computational tools will also be used to gain insights into the behavior of quantum systems.

### PHY4660:
Introduction to Quantum Field Theory

3

Perequisite: PHZ 3113C

*Co-requisite: *PHY 3604

*Description: *This course is an introduction to quantum field theory. After a review of the relevant topics in quantum mechanics, the course will cover relativistic quantum mechanics, the Kline-Gordon equation, Dirac equation field theory, tensor fields, spinors, scattering matrices, Feynman diagrams, Mandelstam variables, and quantum electrodynamics. This course will be three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered in alternating years.

### PHY4802L:
Advanced Physics Laboratory

2

*Prerequisite: * PHY 3101L

*Description: *This course consists of experiments in condensed matter, nuclear and other areas of physics research, including computational physics and optical physics. This course will teach students how to use the computer to control experiments and obtain and analyze data. This course will be six hours of laboratory.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Spring term only.

*Course Fees: *$25

### PHY4900:
Directed Independent Study-Honors in Physics Research

v. 3-6

*Prerequisite: * Permission of the instructor

*Description: *This course is for students who wish to conduct independent research in physics with a faculty mentor. This course must be completed before the student writes an Honors Thesis.

*Repeatability: *This course may be repeated one time for up to 6 credits.

### PHY4905:
Directed Independent Study in Physics

v. 0-4

*Prerequisite: * Permission of the instructor

*Description: *This course involves participation in research investigation under the supervision of an instructor.

*Repeatability: *This course may be repeated up to 12 hours for credit under different topics.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

### PHY4910:
Physics Research and Seminar

1

*Prerequisite: * Junior or senior standing and consent of instructor; PHY 3101L

*Description: *This course involves projects in experimental, theoretical, or computational physics conducted in collaboration with physics faculty. This course requires an oral and written research report.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Spring term only.

### PHY4930:
Selected Topics in Physics

v. 1-4

*Prerequisite: * Permission of the instructor

*Description: *This course involves the applications of physics to topics of interest, especially to recent advances in physics.

*Repeatability: *This course may be repeated up to 12 hours for credit under different topics.

### PHY4940:
Physics Internship

v. 2-12

*Prerequisite: * Junior or Senior physics major standing with a minimum GPA of 3.0; permission of the chairperson of the Department of Physics

*Co-requisite: *PHY 3101 and PHY 3101L

*Description: *This course provides junior and senior year physics majors hands-on experience involving the following kinds of work: scientific research, engineering research and development, medical physics, laboratory, scientific and/or engineering related problem-solving, scientific and/or engineering related computer programming, environmental physics, astrophysics and other physics related work in a research laboratory outside of UNF or in a company environment.

*Availability: *This course is normally available Summer, Fall and Spring terms.

### PHY4970:
Directed Independent Study- Honors in Physics Thesis

v. 3-12

*Prerequisite: * Permission of the instructor and PHY 4900

*Description: *This course is for students who wish to conduct independent research in physics with a faculty mentor. This course must be completed with an Honors Thesis and culminates in graduating with the designation of Honors in Physics.

*Repeatability: *This course may be repeated for up to 12 credits.

### PHZ3113C:
Mathematical Physics

4

Prerequisites: PHY 2049 and MAC 2313
Co-requisites: MAP 2302

*Description: *This course is an application of mathematical methods to physics in areas including vector analysis, matrices and group theory, complex analysis, Fourier series and transforms, special functions, and boundary-value problems. The laboratory will focus on computational techniques and applications. This course will be three credit hours of lecture and one credit hour of laboratory.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered Fall term only

### PHZ4160:
Advanced Topics in Physics

4

*Prerequisite: * PHY 3220, PHY 3320, and PHY 4604

*Description: *This course is a study of advanced topics in classical mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and quantum mechanics. The course is intended primarily for those physics majors who plan to attend graduate school in physics. This course will be four hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered on demand only.

### PHZ4303:
Nuclear Physics

3

*Prerequisite: * PHY 3101

*Description: *This course is an introductory course emphasizing nuclear structure, radioactivity, radiation detection methods, and nuclear reactions, and applications. This course will be three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered alternate years only.

### PHZ4404:
Solid State Physics

3

*Prerequisite: * PHY 3101

*Description: *This course is a study of the electrical, mechanical, optical and thermal properties of solids, and selected applications. This course will be three hours of lecture.

*Availability: *This course is normally offered alternate years.

### PSC4905:
Directed Independent Study

v. 2-4

*Prerequisite: * Permission of the instructor

*Description: *This course involves variable topics as related to recent advances in physics.

*Repeatability: *This course may be repeated up to 12 credits with different topics.

=