What Can You Do With A Major In Biology? 


Careers in the field of biology vary, differing in the type of job and the type of setting one 

works in.  Most people in the field of biology work in the area of research and development.  

Other types of work include management, administration, planning and administrating 

programs for testing food and drugs, consulting to business firms or government, 

writing for technical publications, sales and service for chemical manufacturing 

companies, and testing and inspecting food, drugs, and other products.



 Coastal Environmental Science
Coastal Biology
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Molecular and Cell Biology and Biotechnology
Biomedical Sciences




Typical Career Paths:

Research and Development
Biomedical Sciences


Organismal/Ecological Biology






Related Career Titles

(To research these titles and more go to: Occupational Outlook Handbook  and see the related 

print resources in the Career Services Library).

With a Bachelor's Degree 


Environmental Scientist 

Biological Technician 

Medical Laboratory Technologist 

With a Master's Degree 

Forensic Scientist

Environmental Lawyer

Plan Pathologist


Wildlife Biologist


Horticulturalists and Agronomists


General Career Directions
Aquarium Technician
Aquatic Biologist
Environmental Engineer
Fisheries Conservationist
Hydrographic Survey Tech
Marine Bacteriologist
Marine Biologist
Marine Ecologist
Merchant Marine
Molecular Biologist
Public Health Worker
Science Teacher
Soil Conservationist
Water Quality Technician
Wild Life Biologist
Wild Life Resources Worker


Typical Employers/Work Settings 

Agricultural Experiment Stations
Agricultural Industry
Biotechnology Firms
Botanical Gardens/Arboretums
Chemical Companies
Colleges and Universities
Conservation Agencies
Cosmetic Industry
Department of Agriculture
Drug Companies
Environmental and Pollution
    Control Agencies 
Federal and State Government Laboratory
Fish and Wildlife Service
Fish Hatcheries
Inspection Agencies
Medical Centers
Medical Research Laboratories
Pharmaceutical Companies

To Match This Major To Careers:  Click Here

PDF Printable Version

Beginning Salary Range: 

According to the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) Summer 2011 Salary Survey, beginning salaries for graduates with a Bachelor of Science Degree in Biology, on an average, start at about $49,222 per year.  Master's Degree average: $50,158.

For more information on salaries click here


Skills Needed For This Career

Operate scientific equipment

Independent worker

Information handling & organization

Curiosity and creativity

Biology theory & practical knowledge

Statistical awareness

Oral & written communication

Numerical computation

Analytical & quantitative abilities

Innovative talents

Problem solving

Technical skills




Links to Professional Associations  


Professional Associations are important to explore because many offer student memberships and can give you access to other professionals and their experiences, research, convention or workshop opportunities, professional development and most importantly job databases

American Academy of Forensic Sciences

American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists

American Association of Zoo Keepers

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

Botanical Society of America 

American Institute of Biological Sciences: Careers
American Society of Cell Biology
American Society of Microbiology
Biotechnology Institute
Society for Industrial Microbiology
American Society of Human Genetics
The International Society for Computational Biology
Biology Industry Organization
Council for the Advancement of Science Writing

The National Academies


Job Search/Career Information 


National Organizations or Databases 












http://www.nature.com/scitable- Scitable- online science resource for faculty and students

http://www.researchgate.net/jobs/509_Molecular%20biology-ResearchJobs-ResearchJobs- International job board for research, science and higher education.

http://www.ekotracks.com - offers internships, volunteer opportunities, study abroad programs, and a field expedition 

http://www.environmentalscience.org - advocates for environmental education and employment; for environmentalists by environmentalists


 General Job Search Links 

 AAAS Science Career Link

American Institute of Biological Sciences 

The Society for Comparative and Integrative Biology 

Find How-Biological Science Careers

http://www.firescience.org/forestry-degree-programs-online - guide includes career and salary information, school search tool, internships, scholarships, and other educational information. 

Molecular and Cellular

Careers in Biological Sciences 

Careers in Biology  

Careers in Botany

Careers in Forensics   

Careers in Genetic Counseling

Careers in Genetics Field

Careers in Human Genetics 

Careers in Lab Science

Careers in the Microbiological Sciences

Careers in Plant Pathology

Careers in Science and Engineering   

Careers in Science Technology

Health Education in Florida

Occupational Outlook for Biological and Medical Scientists  

Sources for information on careers in Biology, Conservation, and Oceanography  

Organismal or Field

Careers in Animal Behavior

Careers in Biological Sciences

Careers in Biology  

Careers for Biology Majors

Careers in Botany

Careers in Ecology

Careers in Ecology and Environmental Studies

Careers in Herpetology  

Careers in Marine Biology & Oceanography

Careers in Marine Mammal Science  

Careers in Oceanography, Marine Science & Marine Biology

Guide to Outdoor/Environmental Careers

Careers in Science and Engineering

Careers with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Environmental Careers Organization
Guide to Zoological Park Careers

Occupational Outlook for Biological and Medical Scientists

Sources for information on careers in Biology, Conservation, and Oceanography

Zoo Keeping As a Career

Zoo and Aquarium Career Opportunities



Graduate Schools  

Local Programs - Master of Science in Biology and other related programs 

University of North Florida

Florida A&M

Florida International University

Florida State University

University of Central Florida

University of Florida

University of Miami University of South Florida

University of West Florida

Other resources for graduate program researchhttp://www.gradschools.com/http://www.petersons.com/http://www.princetonreview.com/http://www.bu.edu/vesalius - Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology at Boston University


Link to UNF Program 

The College of Arts and Sciences  at the University of North Florida offers a Bachelor of Science in  Biology



Holland Codes 

Coastal Biology: Investigative, Realistic, Conventional (IRC)
Coastal Environmental Science: Investigative; Realistic; Social (IRS)
Ecology and Evolutionary: Investigative; Realistic (IR)
Molecular/Cell Biology and Biotechnology: Investigative; Conventional, Realistic (ICR)
Biomedical Sciences: Investigative; Realistic (IR)


Career Action Plan

  • Conduct an informational interview and/or shadow a professional in the field 
  • Join a professional association for this career field
  • Develop leadership skills by participating in on-campus activities (RA, Peer Advisor, Student Government, Presidential Envoys, Fraternity, Sorority, Student Clubs)
  • Gain hands-on experience by doing an internship in your junior and/or senior years
  • Participate in summer research institutes
  • Gain research experience by working with a professor or faculty member on their research