Areas of Expertise
Public policy, public management, and nonprofit management.
Brazil, Australia, Canada, and sundry others.
Ph.D., Indiana University, School of Public and Environmental Affairs (SPEA), Bloomington, Indiana. Awarded August 1998.
Concentrations: Public Policy, Comparative Politics, and Environmental Policy.
Dissertation title: Civil Society and Development -- the Role of the Third Sector in the Public Policy Process in Santa Catarina and Sergipe, Brazil.
B.Lit., (Hon), Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, May 1992. External (correspondence) student. Major: International Development.
Thesis title: The Tongan Construction Industry.
B.A., Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia, May 1990. Major: Politics and Society.
Non-degree studies at the University of Vermont (French), 2001; The American University (International Development), 1992; and at the Darwin Institute of Technology (Introduction to Political Science), 1986.
George Candler is a truck driver’s kid from Elkhart, Indiana. After high school he enlisted in the US Navy ‘Seabees’, deploying to Panama (with Oceanographic Unit Four, deployed aboard USNS Chauvenet), and to Okinawa and the Philippines (with Naval Mobile Construction Battalion Three).
After discharge he emigrated to Australia, working construction for a few years in the Northern Territory, before moving to Brisbane to complete a B.A. at Griffith University. This was followed by a B.Litt(Hons) from Deakin University, completed as an external student while working as a roads engineer for the Ministry of Works in the Kingdom of Tonga, a position arranged through the Australian Volunteers Abroad program. After returning to the US he completed a PhD in Public Policy from Indiana University, with dissertation research that looked at the involvement of nonprofit organizations in public policy in the Brazilian states of Santa Catarina and Sergipe.
Prior to arriving at UNF he held faculty positions at the University of Vermont, Bridgewater State College, and Indiana University South Bend, and has also taught courses at Dalhousie University (Halifax, Nova Scotia) and the State University of Santa Catarina. His research still focuses largely on Brazil (as well as Australia, Canada, and a handful of other countries), and has covered a range of topics in public and nonprofit management. His recent interest, though, is on the development of different national approaches to the study of public administration. His research focus is probably best reflected through his having published in the best journal in the country in his field, in five different countries: Brazil, Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada (twice) and the United States (twice).
Publications & Presentations
"Market failure as ignored determinant of the choice between public and business administration: a preliminary statement." GG Candler and John Randle, presented at the V Colloquio Internacional de Epistemologia e Sociologia da Ciência da Administração, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, 18 March 2015.
"'Assimilação crítica’ and research on the periphery." Cadernos EBAPE.BR, v. 13, Special edition, 2015.
“The study of public administration in India, the Philippines, Canada and Australia: the universal struggle against epistemic colonization, and toward critical assimilation.” Revista de Administração Pública, 48(5), 2014.
“Responsibilidade cívica na sustentabilidade da sociedade e o papel dos governos.” G. Candler and Georgette Dumont, Gestão Pública para Sustentabilidade, São Paulo: Editora Maole, 2012. Translated to Portuguese.
"Towards a public spirited public management economics: an essay in honor of John Kenneth Galbraith." Administrative Theory & Praxis, 32(3), September 2010.
“Alberto Guerreiro Ramos: the ‘in-betweener’ as intellectual bridge builder?” Curtis Ventriss, G. Candler and José Francisco Salm, Organizações e Sociedades (Brazil), 17(52), 2010.
“Toward global scholarship in public administration.” G. Candler, Ariston Azevêdo and Renata Ovenhausen Albernaz, Public Administration (London), 88(3), 2010.
“A nonprofit accountability framework.” G. Candler and Georgette Dumont, Canadian Public Administration 53/3, 2010.
“The price of citizenship: Civic responsibility as the missing dimension of public administration theory.” G. Candler and Georgette Dumont, Public Administration Quarterly 34(2), pp. 169-201, 2010.
“Symposium – Public administration, social equity and social justice: Future journeys and roads less travelled. Introduction to the Symposium.” G. Candler, Richard Johnson, and Jonathan Anderson, Administrative Theory & Praxis 31(2), 2009.
“Afterword: Toward courageous scholarship in public administration.” G. Candler, Richard Johnson, and Jonathan Anderson, Administrative Theory & Praxis 31(2), 2009.
“Epistemic community or Tower of Babel? Theoretical diffusion in public administration.” Australian Journal of Public Administration 67(3), 2008.
"Introduction to the Symposium: Why Guerreiro?" G. Candler and Curtis Ventriss, Administrative Theory & Praxis 28(4), 2006.
"The theory of social systems delimitation and the reconceptualization of public administration." José Francisco Salm, G. Candler and Curtis Ventriss, Administrative Theory & Praxis 28(4), 2006.
"Linguistic diglossia and parochialism in American public administration: The missing half of Guerreiro Ramos’s Redução Sociológica." Administrative Theory & Praxis 28(4), 2006.
“The comparative evolution of public administration in Australia, Brazil and Canada.” Canadian Public Administration 49(3), 2006.
“The MPA Program in small markets: an exploratory analysis.” Michael Gold and G. Candler, Journal of Public Affairs Education 12(1), 2006.
“Social class, sexual orientation, and toward proactive social equity scholarship.” Ken Oldfield, G. Candler and Richard Johnson, American Review of Public Administration 36(2), 2006.
“Virtual jungles: survival, accountability and governance in online organizations.” Georgette Dumont and G. Candler, American Review of Public Administration 35(3), 2005.
“Alberto Guerreiro Ramos twenty years later: A New Science still unrealized in an era of public cynicism and theoretical ambivalence.” Curtis Ventriss and G. Candler, Public Administration Review 65(1), 2005.
“Particularism versus universalism in the Brazilian public administration literature.” Public Administration Review 62(3), 2002.
“Transformations and legitimacy in nonprofit organizations -- the case of Amnesty International's anti-death penalty campaigns.” Public Organization Review – A Global Journal 1(3), 2001.
“The professions and public policy – expanding the third sector.” International Political Science Review 21(1), January 2000.
“Civil society and development – Scientific and professional associations in public policy in Santa Catarina and Sergipe, Brazil.” Policy Studies Journal 27(3), December 1999.
“Interest groups and social movements: self or public interested? Insights from the Brazilian third sector literature.” Voluntas 10(3), September 1999.
“Sociedade civil e desenvolvimento – as associações científicas e profissionais nas políticas públicas em Santa Catarina e Sergipe, Brasil.” Revista Tomo no. 2, March 1999, Aracaju, Brazil. Translated by Afonso Nascimento and Manuela Freire C. de Almeida.
“The Tongan construction industry -- Infrastructure provision in a small economy.” Pacific Economic Bulletin 12(1), June 1997.
“Subsistence democracies: Empirical evidence from the South Pacific.” Political Science 48(2), December 1996.
“Engineering testing of building materials in Tonga.” SOPAC Preliminary Report 85b, Suva, Fiji: South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission, 1992.
“‘Assimilação crítica’ and research on the periphery.” Presented at the Seminário Internacional Guerreiro Ramos: O Legado de uma Dupla Cidadania Acadêmica.” Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 15 October 2014.
“Possiveis contribuições da reflexão epistemologica para o avanço do conhecimento na administração pública,” invited speaker at the IV Colóquio Internacional de Epistemologia e Sociologia da Ciência da Administração, Florianopolis, Brazil, 27 March 2014.
“O estudo da ciência administrativa fora do ‘centro’: a luta universal contra a colonizaçao epistemológica, e para a assimilação crítica.” Presented at the II Colóquio de Epistemologia e Sociologia da Ciência da Administração, Florianopolis, Brazil, 14 March 2012.
“Global perspectives on normative approaches to public administration.” Southeastern Conference on Public Administration, New Orleans, Louisiana, 24 September 2011.
“Revisiting Charles Goodsell’s Case for Bureaucracy: an international perspective.” Florida Political Science Association, Jupiter, Florida, 26 March 2011.
“Responsibilidade cívica e governance moderna.” Seminário Internacional de Governança Pública, ENA Brasil, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, 17 November 2010.
“An integrated, international approach to paradigms of public administration.” SECOPA, Wilmington, NC, 8 October 2010.
“Governance, Governança, Gouvernance: or Systems Theory?” MPSA, Chicago, 24 April 2010.
“Hear no evil: Monolingualism and parochialism in America policy and scholarship.” Indiana Academy of the Social Sciences, Greencastle, 16 October 2009.
“Toward global scholarship in public administration.” G. Candler, Ariston Azevêdo, and Renata Ovenhausen Albernaz, Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Administração, São Paulo, Brazil, 21 September 2009.
“Guerreiro Ramos and global scholarship in public administration.” Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Administração, São Paulo, Brazil, 21 September 2009.
“Small programs defined.” NASPAA, Charleston, 16 October 2008.
“Toward global scholarship in public administration.” G. Candler, Ariston Azevêdo, and Renata Ovenhausen Albernaz, Minnowbrook III, Lake Placid, 6 September 2008.
“An integrated, international approach to paradigms of public administration.” Indiana Political Science Association, Westville, 28 March 2008.
“Administração pública no mundo globalizado.” Invited international keynote speech, VI Encontro Nacional de Estudantes da Administração Pública, Florianopolis, Brazil, 8 July 2007.
“A nonprofit accountability framework and empirical test.” Kara Neymeyr, G. Candler and Georgette Dumont. MPSA, Chicago, 12 April 2007.
“Revisiting the Old Public Service: Civic responsibility as the missing piece in public administration theory.” G. Candler and Georgette Dumont, ASPA, Washington, 26 March 2007.
“The MPA program in small markets: further refinements.” G. Candler and Michael Gold, NASPAA, Minneapolis, 19 October 2006.
“Further evidence on the social equity record of academic public administration.” ASPA, Denver, March 2006.
“Devolution and nonprofit accountability - lessons from Québec and Nova Scotia.” ARNOVA, Washington, November 2005.
“Não falamos espanhol: the revenge of King Philip IV in American ethnic identity?” Presented as part of the panel “Shaping Hispanic Identity” for the University of Vermont’s Brown v. Board of Education Celebration, 9 April 2004.
“Intersections of race, gender and social class in Brazil, Canada and Australia.” ASPA Washington, March 2003.
“Linguistic diglossia in public administration? Race and ‘critical assimilation’ in the work of Alberto Guerreiro Ramos.” ASPA, Phoenix, March 2002.
“The third sector and democratization -- Brazil and Ukraine compared.” G. Candler and Vladimir Pigenko, International Political Science Association, Quebec City, Canada, 1-5 August 2000.
“Interest groups and social movements: self or public interested? Insights from the Brazilian third sector literature.” American Sociological Association, Chicago, 8 August 1999.
“Outward v. inward looking perspectives on under-development in Brazil.” presented at the MPSA, Chicago, 15-17 April 1999.
“Destatization without privatization – nonprofits in public policy in Brazil.” Indiana Academy of the Social Sciences, Indianapolis, 16 October 1998.
“The third sector and economic development – Epistemic communities in the public policy process in Santa Catarina and Sergipe, Brazil.” International Studies Association, Minneapolis, 19 March 1998.
“The left and economic restructuring in Brazil, Australia and New Zealand.” International Studies Association, Toronto, 20 March 1997.
“Cardoso, dependency theory and Brazil.” International Studies Association - Midwest, St. Louis, 19 October 1996.
Other published work
“New Fields of Old Fields for Social Equity Scholarship: A Comment on Ken Oldfield’s Social Equity Scholarship.” Administration & Society, 42(3), pp. 361-7, 2010.
“Paradigmatic Insecurity in Vermont.” PA Times, May 2003, p. 9.
Opportunities and Risks of Doing Business in India, Part 4: Non-human Resources. Bloomington: The Indiana Center for Global Business (ICGB), primary author, 1996.
Translations from Portuguese (peer-reviewed publication):
Carolina Andion, Maurício Serva, Ademir Antônio Cazella, and Paulo Freire Vieira, “Space and inequality: A case study of territorial development in Santa Catarina.” Administrative Theory & Praxis 31(2), June 2009.
Azevêdo and Albernaz, in “Toward global scholarship in public administration.” With G. Candler, Public Administration, 88(3), 2010.
Ariston Azevêdo and Renata Ovenhausen Albernaz, “Alberto Guerrero Ramos’s Anthropological Approach to the Social Sciences: The Parenthetical Man.” Administrative Theory & Praxis 28(4), 2006.
Salm, in "The Theory of Social Systems Delimitation and the Reconceptualization of Public Administration." With G. Candler and Curtis Ventriss, Administrative Theory & Praxis 28(4), 2006.