Areas of Expertise
Sustainabilty of Water and Waste
Construction Claims - Differing Site Conditions, Delay, Warranties
Ph.D., Civil Engineering, University of Florida, 2005
M.A., Civil Engineering, Villanova University, 1997
B.S., Civil Engineering, Temple University, 1991
Dr. Brown has been in civil engineering practice since 1988 and has worked on a wide variety of projects including water resources, hazardous waste remediation, wetland restoration, geotechnical engineering, and groundwater supply. Dr. Brown has worked in both the private sector and the public sector and teaches full-time for the University of North Florida. Currently, Dr. Brown provides teaching to undergraduate and graduate students as well as provides consulting services through the university. Dr. Brown is an expert on aquifer, storage, and recovery (ASR), numerical modeling for hydrology and groundwater as well as the sequestration of carbon dioxide underground. He is a professional engineer in Pennsylvania and Florida.
Dr. Brown has won numerous awards throughout his engineering career including:
1. Undergraduate engineering award - Temple University 1991
2. Senior civil engineering project award - Temple University 1991
3. Engineer of the Year - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Philadelphia District 1998
4. Engineer of the Year - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Jacksonville District 2003
5. Bliss Medal for Society of American Military Engineers 2011
6. Undergraduate Teaching Award UNF - 2012
Member of the American Water Resources Association
Member of the Society of American Military Engineers
Former Member ASCE
Grants and Contracts Awarded
Sample of Recent Contract Awards:
1. Hydrologic Assessment of Flooding Issues in Jacksonville Sub-division, Index # 230232, $2,500
2. JAXZOO Water Conservation Study, Index # 230240, $4,500
3. JEA Rainfall Data Comparison Project, Index # 230238, $9,876
4. BCR Environmental Composting Project, Index # 230242, $2,500
5. UNF Foundation Board Grant, $12,200
6. Southern Company - Florida Wide CCS Transportation Plan, Index # 230262, $15,000
7. Cedar River Water Quality Study, CDM, Index # 230272, $18,972
8. FMC Chemicals/Clay County Utility Authority, Index # 230278, $11,509
9. 10 separate independent peer review projects (confidential).
10. Independent Evalution of a Water Farm in Martin County, FL USA, $37,000
11. Feasibilty Study of Nutrient Removal Projects in Fisheating Creek basin, $38,000
12. FDOT project comparing procurement methods, $8,100 out of $80,000.
Publications & Presentations
Journals (2016 Journal 2-Year Impact Factor Noted if Available from either Journal Citation Report or SCImago Lab):
During Last 8 Year Period:
Brown C.J. & Hansen-Brown, L., (2010). Building a virtual learning community to engage online students; a model for instructors: Report of phase I of an ongoing study. Journal of Information Systems Technology and Planning, 3(4), 1-8.
Brown, C.J. & Harris, A., (2010). The Proposed University of North Florida Environmental Hydrology Living Laboratory â€“ An Ideal Framework for Active Learning, Review of Higher Education and Self-Learning, 3(5), 85-99.
Poiencot, B. & Brown, C.J., (2011). An Optimal Centralized Carbon Dioxide Repository for Florida, USA, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8(4): 955-975, doi:10.3390/ijerph8040955. J. Impact Factor = 2.12 (student co-author)
Harris A., Brown C., Watkins A., & Komma J., (2011). Exposing High School Teachers to Wireless Sensor Network Research in the University of North Florida Environmental Hydrology Living Laboratory: A Study in Active Learning. Review of Higher Education and Self-Learning, 4(8), 70-79. (student co-authors)
Brown, C.J., (2011). Graphical Planning Envelopes for Estimating the Surface Footprint of CO2 Plumes during CO2 Injection into Saline Aquifers, Natural Resources Research, 20(4), 263-277, doi: 10.1007/s11053-011-9155z. J. Impact Factor = 1.34
Brown, C., Hansen-Brown, L., & Conte, R., (2011). Engaging Millennial College-Age Science and Engineering Students Through Experiential Learning Communities, Journal of Applied Global Research, 4(10), 41-58.
Brown, C., Poiencot, B., Sornberger, C., (2011). Planning, Designing, Operating and Regulating a Geologic Sequestration Repository as an Underground Landfill - A Review, Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 61(12), 1306-1318. doi: 10.1080/10473289.2011.626888. J. Impact Factor = 1.72 (student co-authors)
Poiencot, B. & Brown, C., (2012). Evalution of Carbon Dioxide Transportation Deployment Alternatives for Florida, USA, Florida Scientist, 75(2), 73-86. (student co-author)
Geibel N. & Brown, C.J., (2012). Hydraulic Fracturing of the Floridan Aquifer from Aquifer Storage and Recovery Operation, Environmental and Engineering Geoscience, 18(2), 175-189. doi:10.2113/gseegeosci.18.2.175. J. Impact Factor = 0.67
Brown, C., (2013). Using Solver to Estimate Aquifer Parameters for Confined Aquifers, Environmental & Engineering Geoscience, 19(3), 253-263. doi:10.2113/gseegeosci.19.3.253 J. Impact Factor = 0.67
Brown, C. & Vearil, J., (2013). The UNF Osprey Engineering Consulting Simulator â€“ Millennial Engineering Students Involved in Community-Based Transformational Learning. Journal of Applied Global Research, 6(16), 65-85.
Brown, C., Poiencot, B., Hudyma, N., Albright, B., & Esposito, R., (2014). An Assessment of Geologic Sequestration Potential in the Panhandle of Florida USA, Environmental Earth Sciences, 71(2), 793-806. doi:10.1007/s12665-013-2481-1
J. Impact Factor = 1.66 (student co-author)
Brown, C.J., Vearil, J., Linton, P., Hendren, T., & Whittle, G., (2014). A Multi-Criteria Assessment of the C-111 Hydrologic Restoration Project - A Case Study, Water Resources Management, 29(9): 2453-2469. doi:10.1007/s11269-014-0614-2. J. Impact Factor = 2.86
Brown, C.J., (2015). An Assessment of Seepage Along the L-31N Canal and the Northeastern Everglades, USA, Environmental Earth Sciences, 73:5747-5759. doi: 10.1007/s12665-014-3828-y. J. Impact Factor = 1.66
Angel, M.L., Johnston, S., Oâ€™Steen, K., Brown, C., and Sando, T., (2015). Groundwater Control Issues in Transportation Engineering: A Short Review of Dewatering Methods and Lessons Learned, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, 8(3):8-13. J. Impact Factor = 0.50 (student co-authors)
Field, G., Tavrisov, G., Brown, C., Kreidl, O. and Harris, A., (2016). Particle Filters to Estimate Properties of Confined Aquifers, Water Resources Management, 30(9): 3175-3189. doi:10.1007/s11269-016-1339-1. J. Impact Factor = 2.86
Brown, C., Tancreto, A., (2016). Simulating the Upper St. Johns River for Extreme Events, Journal Water Management Modeling, 25:C413, 1-9. doi:10.14796/JWMM.C413 Google J. Impact Factor = 0.65 (student co-author)
Brown, C., Ward, J., and Mirecki, J., (2016). A Revised Brackish Water Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) Site Selection Index for Water Resources Management, Water Resources Management, 30(7):2465-2481. doi:10.1007/s11269-016-1297-7. J. Impact Factor = 2.86
Tancreto, A., Brown, C., Resio, D., and Bacopoulos, P., (201x). Comparison of Hydrologic Model Performance Statistics Using Rain Gauge and NEXRAD Precipitation Input at Different Watershed Spatial Scales and Rainfall Return Frequencies for the Upper St. Johns River, Florida, Water Resources Management, In Review, J. Impact Factor = 2.86 (student co-author)
Fuller, J., Brown, C. and Crowley, R., (2018). Performance-Based Maintenance Contracting in Florida: An Evaluation by Surveys, Statistics, and Content Analysis, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, Accepted for Publication. J. Impact Factor = 1.92 (student co-author)
Bittner, L., England, S., Murray, C., Mirecki, J., Richardson, E., Brown, C., Kaiman, B., (2018). Development of a New Model Tool for Evaluating the Groundwater Resources Within the Floridan Aquifer System in Southern Florida, USA, Environmental Earth Sciences, Accepted for Publication, J. Impact Factor = 1.66 (student co-author)
Eckert, K., Brown, C., McGrath, G. and Wood, S., (201x). Nutrient Removal in a Wet Detention Pond with a Baffle Dike â€“ A Case Study of the Cedar River Project, Environmental Engineering and Management, Accepted for Publication. J. Impact Factor = 0.83 (student co-author)
Eckert, K., Brown, C., Sando, T., & Chalk, S., (201x). A Study of PAA for Disinfection of Secondary Treated Wastewater Reuse in Florida, USA, Environmental Technology, In Review. J. Impact Factor = 1.50 (student co-author)
Journal Articles Prior to full-time UNF employment:
Brown, C.J., Smith, P., Dasher, R.M., & Kwiatkowski, P., (2004) Comment on the "Keep it clean and do the research" editorial by Harold R. Wanless, Ground Water 42, no. 2: 157, Ground Water, 42(4):478; doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2004.tb02613.x. J. Impact Factor = 2.14
Brown, C., E. Brown, and S. Sutterfield, (2005). Considerations for the CERP ASR Contingency Plan, Florida Water Resources Journal, February 2005:32-33.
Brown, C., Weiss, R., Verrastro, R., and Schubert, S., (2005). Development of an Aquifer, Storage and Recovery (ASR) Site Selection Suitability Index in Support of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Project, Journal of Environmental Hydrology, 13(20):1-13. J. Impact Factor = 0.24
Sedighi, A., H. Klammler, C. Brown, and K. Hatfield, (2006). A Semi-analytical Model for Predicting Water Quality from an Aquifer Storage and Recovery System. Journal of Hydrology, 329(3-4):403-412. J. Impact Factor = 3.63
Brown, Christopher J., (2006). Operational Considerations and Recommendations for the Everglades Restoration ASR Scheme. Journal of Environmental Hydrology, 14(17):1-13. J. Impact Factor = 0.24
Brown, C., G. Powell, & M. Hait, (2007). Global Climate Change Plus Regulatory Change Equals Technological Change. Florida Bar Association Quarterly Journal, 2 p.
Technical Reports and Monographs During Last 8 Years:
Brown C. and J. Renner, (2009). Aquifer Storage & Recovery (ASR): An Innovative Water Management Alternative. Georgia Engineer, Volume 16, Issue 4, September/August 2009, p. 7-8.
Fagan, M., Brown, C. & Chabot, B., (2011). â€œSustainable Water Management - A Case Study at the Jacksonville Zooâ€, In: S.E. Jorgenson, C.A. Brebbia, & V. Popov, Water and Society - Wit Transactions in Ecology and The Environment, 153, pp. 151-157, Witpress, United Kingdom. doi: 10.2495/WS110141. J. Impact Factor = 0.07 (student co-author)
Brown, Christopher J., (2017). â€œPutting Aquifers to Work: MAR Applications in Nutrient Removalâ€. AWRA Water Resources: IMPACT, 19(5):26-28.
Technical Reports and Monographs Prior to Full-time UNF Employment:
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) and the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD), (2004). Final Pilot Project Design Report/Environmental Impact Statement, Lake Okeechobee ASR Pilot Project, Hillsboro ASR Pilot Project and Caloosahatchee River ASR Pilot Project, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville, Florida, September 2004, 400 p. (portions of this report)
Brown, C., Itani, S., & Zhang, M., (2004). Final Draft Report, ASR Regional Study: A Scientific Evaluation of Potential Pressure Induced Constraints and Changes in the Floridan Aquifer System and the Hawthorn Group, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville, Florida, 64 p. (portions of this report)
Brown, Christopher J., (2005). Planning Decision Framework for Brackish Water Aquifer, Storage and Recovery (ASR) Projects, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 415 p.
Bouwer, H., Pyne, D., Brown, J., St. Germain, D., Morris, T., Brown, C., Dillon, P., and Rycus, M., (2008). Design, Operation, and Maintenance for Sustainable Underground Storage Facilities. A Guidance Document prepared for the American Water Works Association Research Foundation, Denver, Colorado. AWWA Research Foundation and IWA, Editor: AWWA Research Foundation, ISBN: 978-1-60573-041-7
IWA Publishing, Denver, Colorado.
During Last 8 Years:
Brown C. & Harris A. (2009). â€œThe Proposed University of North Florida Environmental Hydrology Living Laboratory - An Ideal Framework for Active Learningâ€. Conference Proceedings for Intellectbase International Consortium Academic Winter 2009 Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, King D. & Dyer K. (Eds.), December 2009, pp. 253-262.
Brown C. & Hansen-Brown L. (2009). â€œBuilding a Virtual Learning Community to Engage Online Students; a Model for Instructors: Report of Phase I of an Ongoing Studyâ€. Conference Proceedings for Intellectbase International Consortium Academic Winter 2009 Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, King D. & Dyer K. (Eds.), December 2009, pp. 226-233.
Brown, C. (2009). â€œASR Use in Georgiaâ€. Conference Proceedings for the Georgia Water Resources Conference, Athens, Georgia, G. Denise Carrol (Editor), April 2009, pp. 8-9.
Brown, C.J., Welsh, P. & Fagan, M., (2010). â€œUsing Nexrad precipitation data in groundwater models: An evaluation of contouring algorithm errorâ€. Annual Florida Academy of Sciences conference, extended abstract and presentation, Fort Pierce, Florida. Also in Florida Scientist 1(1), 64-65. (student co-author)
Brown, C.J., Brunson, J. & Mussari, F., (2010). â€œComposting Secondary Municipal Biosolids using Chlorine Dioxide for Disinfection and Seeding for Competitive Exclusion of Pathogen Regrowthâ€. Annual Florida Academy of Sciences conference, extended abstract and presentation, Fort Pierce, Florida. Also in Florida Scientist, 1(1), p. 47. (student co-author)
Brown, C.J. & Harris, A., (2010). â€œProviding a Dependable Peak Supply and Green Energy for Small Water Systems Using Aquifer, Storage and Recovery (ASR) Wellsâ€. Proceedings from the Annual Conference, AWWA, Chicago, IL May 22-25, 12 p.
Poiencot B. & Brown, C.J., (2011). â€œDevelopment of a Preliminary Pipeline Transportation Network for Carbon Sequestration Sites in Floridaâ€, Florida Scientist 74 (supplement 1), 83. (student co-author)
Gandee, M. & Brown, C.J., (2011). â€œA Study of Paleogroundwater Levels within the Floridan Aquifer System in Florida, USAâ€, Florida Scientist 74 (supplement 1), 83. (student co-author)
Brown, C., (2011). â€œOperation of a Geologic Sequestration Site as an Underground Landfill â€“ What is a Reasonable Tipping Fee?â€, Proceedings from the 10th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture & Sequestration, May 2-5, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Poiencot, B., Brown, C., & Esposito, R., (2012). â€œThe Feasibility of Transportation and Geologic Sequestration of Carbon in the Florida Panhandleâ€, Proceedings from the International Carbon Technology Conference, Orlando, Florida 2012. (student co-author)
Eckert K. & Brown C., (2014). â€œEvaluation & Analysis of 3 Pilot Wastewater Reuse Disinfection Studies Using Peracetic Acid (PAA) in Jacksonville, FL USAâ€, Proceedings from the Sustainable Water Management Conference, AWWA, Denver, CO March 31-April 1, 2015, 8 p. (student co-author)
Johnson, C., Tancreto, A., Miller, J., Linkfield, T., & Brown, C., (2014). â€œPreliminary Development of an Adaptive Assessment Program for Operating Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) Sitesâ€, 10th International Hydrogeology Conference, Thesaloniki, Greece, Voudouris, Stamatis, Mattas, Kaklis, and Kazakis. (Eds.), October 2014, pp. 249-258. doi: 10.13140/2.1.4676.8646 (student co-authors)
Szews, E., Reda, D., Shabazian, O., Kelsay, D., Brown, C., Hudyma, N., & Mirecki, J., (2014). â€œPreliminary Development of Carbonate Rock Core Testing Apparatus to Evaluate Turbulent Flow Regimesâ€, 10th Annual Hydrogeology Conference, Thesilonki, Greece, Voudouris, Stamatis, Mattas, Kaklis, and Kazakis. (Eds.), October 2014, pp. 713-723. doi: 10.13140/2.1.4152.5767 (student co-authors)
Brown, C., England, S., Bittner, L., Murray, C. & Mirecki, J., (2016). A Review and Comparison of 3D Numerical Groundwater Models of the Floridan Aquifer System in South Florida, Annual Conference American Water Resources Association (AWRA), Orlando, FL USA, November 2016.
Brown, C., McKeon, C., (2016). Freshwater Use Valuation for the St. Johns River Basin, Florida, USA, Annual Conference American Water Resources Association (AWRA), Orlando, FL USA, November 2016 (student co-authors)
Fuller, J., Gruber, K., Nyberg, J., Brown, C., (2016). Simulating the Lower St. Johns River for Combined Extreme Events, Florida, USA, Annual Conference American Water Resources Association (AWRA), Orlando, FL USA, November 2016 (student co-authors)
Kolb-Lugo, J., Brown, C., Kreidl, P., (2017). An exploration of particle filtering techniques to determine aquifer properties from groundwater well data influenced by tidal forcing, UCOWR/NIWR Annual Conference â€œWater in a Changing Environmentâ€, June 13-15, 2017, Fort Collins, Colorado, pp. 128. Accessed at: http://www.ucowr.org/files/2017_Conference/proceedings/2017_Conference_Proceedings_062717.pdf (student co-author)
Conference Articles Prior to Full-time UNF Employment Period:
Brown, Christopher J., (1998). â€œHydrogeologic Conceptual Model of Lipari Landfill Superfund Siteâ€ in Conference Proceedings for Annual Corps of Engineers Groundwater Meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
Brown, Christopher J., and Anderson, Grant, (1999). â€œGroundwater Model of Courthouse Point Confined Disposal Areaâ€ in Conference Proceedings for Annual Corps of Engineers Groundwater Meeting in Portland, Oregon. Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
Brown, Christopher J. and Stevens, Glendon, (1999). "Mind over Mine" in Proceedings of Annual Meeting of the Northeast Section of the Geological Society of America (GSA). King of Prussia, PA.
Ulrich, Cheryl P., Brown, Christopher J., & Gonzalez, Martin, (2001). â€œSolving the 8.5 Square Mile Area â€“ Lynchpin of Everglades Restorationâ€ in Conference Proceedings for Decision Support Systems for Water Resources Management, Snowbird, Utah. American Water Resources Association, page 185.
Brown, C. and R. Nevulis, (2005). â€œA Model Study of the Proposed Everglades Hillsboro ASR Pilot Projectâ€. International Symposium on Artificial Recharge 5, American Society of Civil Engineers and the United Nations (Editors), 7 p.
Brown, C. and L. Motz, (2005). â€œA Comparison of the Operational Performance at Ten ASR Sites located within the United States, Australia, and Englandâ€. International Symposium on Artificial Recharge 5, American Society of Civil Engineers and the United Nations (Editors), 6 p.
Brown, C., M. Neuman, and K. Hatfield, (2006). â€œLessons Learned from a Review of 50 ASR Projects from the United States, England, Australia, India, and Africaâ€. In Increasing Freshwater Supplies, Proceedings for the annual UCOWR conference, published online in July 2006, 11 p. http://www.ucowr.siu.edu/proceedings/2006%20Proceedings/2006%20Conference%20Proceedings/Tuesday%20Sessions%2011-14/Session%20(12)/12.4.%20Brown.pdf
Bittner, L.D., England, S.M., Cheng, H.P., & Brown, CJ (2006) â€œSIGNIFICANCE OF MESH DENSITY IN AQUIFER STORAGE AND RECOVERY MODELING USING THE WASH123D NUMERICAL MODELâ€, Numerical Modeling Conference,
Brown, C. and G. Powell, (2007). â€œTechnical Challenges to Developing New Energy Sources â€“ Carbon Controlâ€. Annual Florida Bar Association Environmental and Land Use Law Seminar, Amelia Island, Fl, 4 p.
Brown, Christopher J., (2007). â€œA Stochastic Evaluation of the Subsidence Potential of the Hawthorn Group in south Florida as a Result of the CERP ASR Systemâ€. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Managed Artificial Recharge of Groundwater, ISMAR6, Phoenix, Arizona October 28 â€“ November 2, 2007: Peter Fox (Editor), Acacia Publishing Inc., Phoenix, Arizona, 11 p.
Verrastro, R.T. and Brown, C., (2007). â€œAquifer Storage and Recovery at the South Florida Water Management District â€“ CERP and Beyondâ€. Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Managed Artificial Recharge of Groundwater, ISMAR6, Phoenix, Arizona October 28 â€“ November 2, 2007: Peter Fox (Editor), Acacia Publishing Inc., Phoenix, Arizona, 11 p.
Motz, L.H. and Brown, C.J., (2007). â€œAnalysis of Canal Pumping Test Adjacent to Everglades National Park Using a One-Dimensional Flow Model Considering Storage and Skin Effect in a Finite-Width Sinkâ€. Proceedings of the 2007 World Environmental and Water Resources Congress; Tampa, FL; USA; 15-19 May 2007, ASCE, 2007.
Brown, Christopher J., (2009). â€œOpportunities for ASR in Georgia in General and Southeast Georgia in Particularâ€, Engineer's Week Annual Seminar sponsored by ASCE and GA Tech University, Savannah, GA 12 p.