Lynne  Carroll

Professor • Ph.D, ABBP, FL Lic. Psychologist

Psychology • College of Arts & Sciences

Areas of Expertise


DR. LYNNE CARROLL is currently in her 19th year at UNF as a Professor of Psychology  in the College of Arts and Sciences.  Dr. Carroll is on-sabbatical for the academic year 2015-2016.  


Dr. Carroll recently earned Diplomate status in Counseling Psychology from the American Board of Professional Psychology.  A licensed psychologist., Dr. Carroll is currently serving as independent contractor for Florida Counseling and Evaluation Services practice in Jacksonville.  She provides outpatient psychotherapy services and is also Director of Clinical Training at FLCES.


Dr. Carroll is first author of 23 of 27 published articles in refereed, counseling and psychology journals. She has also co-authored several book chapters.  Her refereed journal articles have appeared in such journals as: The Counseling Psychologist, Professional Psychology:  Research and Practice, Sex Roles, Women & Therapy, Adolescence, Journal of Lesbian and Gay Psychotherapy, Journal of Counseling and Development, etc. Dr. Carroll's most recent publication, a qualitative study of interviews with lesbian adult daughters of mothers with severe mental illnesses, is to appear in a forthcoming edition of The Counseling Psychologist, a journal published by the American Psychological Association. Prior to joining the faculty at UNF, Dr. Carroll was a faculty member and practitioner in Pennsylania, Illinois, and Maryland.


Dr. Carroll was formerly the Program Director of the Mental Health Counseling Program in COEHS, the Counseling Psychology Program in COAS the Clinical Mental Health Counseling Program in COH at UNF.  She has taught numerous courses in counseling and psychology including: Psychopathology, Ethics, Research, Theories of Counseling, Multicultural Counseling, Introduction to Family Counseling, Advanced Counseling, Practicum and Internship. In 2007-2008, Dr. Carroll was selected for the UNF Outstanding Graduate Faculty Teaching Award.  In 2012-2013 she received the university's President's Diversity and Inclusion Research Award.  


Dr. Carroll's book, entitled Counseling Sexual and Gender Minorities, was published by Pearson in 2010.  It has subsequently been adopted for use as a course textbook in several counseling, counseling psychology and social work programs throughout the United States including: University of California at Davis, University of Denver, University of North Carolina at Pembroke, St. Johns University, University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. Counseling Today described her book as “an impressive and important text,” and “strongly recommended (Hoover, March, 2010). A review in the Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling described her text "as a tremendous resource for practitioners who have already completed their training, but who have come to discover that they are inadequately trained in the specific counseling needs of sexual and gender minority clients" (Lazaroff, 2011; p. 151). Her text is also cited in the 2009 transgender competency standards issued  the Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues in Counseling (ALGBTIC), a division of the American Counseling Association.  Dr. Carroll is currently at work revising her text for a forthcoming second edition to be released in the near future.


Dr. Carroll has presented well over 50 papers and posters at national professional organizations including: American Psychological Association, the American Association of Counseling and Development, American College Personnel Association, and the Association for Women in Psychology.  She has also presented her research at international conferences including the first international LGBT Psychology Conference in Lisbon, Portugal in June, 2013.  During the academic year 2014-2015 Dr. Carroll served as Program Chair for Division 44 of the American Psychological Association.  As program chair she was responsible for all Div. 44 convention programing during APA's Annual Convention held in August 2015 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Dr. Carroll has served on the editorial boards the Journal of Counseling and Development and the Journal of Mental Health Counseling. Dr. Carroll currently serves as an ad hoc reviewer for Psychology of Women Quarterly, Sex Roles, Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science and Personality and Individual Differences, and the Journal of Men and Masculinities. 


Locally, Dr. Carroll has had numerous positions including serving as Chair of the Northeast Florida chapter of Mental Health America.  She was a troupe member of of the Jacksonville Chapter of Playback Theatre for several years. She was co-founder and Chair of the LGBT Elders Task Force of Northeast Florida and has served on the Scholarship Award Committee in the Jacksonville chapter of PFLAG.































Ph.D. in Developmental Psychology. Concentration: Counseling.
Dept. of Educational, School & Developmental Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (8/85). Dissertation: A study of narcissism, affiliation, intimacy and power motives among students in business administration.


M.A. in Developmental Psychology.
Dept. of Educational, School & Developmental Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (5/82). Master's Thesis: Sex role orientation: The missing variable in studies of life satisfaction in middle and late-aged adults?


B.A. in Psychology. Specialization: Mental Health.
Southern Connecticut State University, New Haven, CT (5/80).
Undergraduate Honors Thesis: Interpersonal consequences of depression: Sex, sex role and responses to men and women enacting a depressed role.





Professor, Department  of Psychology, COAS, University of North Florida


Professor, Clinical Mental Health Counseling Program, BCOH, University of North Florida


Professor, Counselor Education Program, COEHS,  University of North Florida (8/05 - 1/08) (4/05 - 8/97 as Associate Professor)


Professor, Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology, Department of Psychology, COAS, University of North Florida 1/08 – 12/09)

Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Salisbury State University, Salisbury, MD. (12/96- 5/97) (8/95 – 5/97) (8/90 -5/95 – Assistant Professor)

Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Shippensburg University, Shippensburg, PA (9/85 -5/88, 9/89 -5/90)

Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology, Loyola University,
Chicago, IL (9/88 -6/89)






 Licensed Psychologist, Florida Counseling and Evaluation Services, Jacksonville, FL


Licensed Psychologist, Chesapeake Counseling and Psychological Services, Salisbury, MD (5/92 -6/97)


 Therapist, Adams-Hanover Counseling Services, Hanover, PA  (5/90 -8/90)


 Counselor, Shippensburg University Counseling Center, Shippensburg, PA  (9/85 -5/88, 9/89 -5/90)


Graduate Assistant, Counseling& Student Development  Center University of Pittsburgh,Pittsburg, PA  (9/83 -6/85) 


Counselor, Oakland Women's Center, Pittsburgh, PA (6/83 -6/85)


Student Intern, Women's Services Department, Greater Pittsburgh YWCA, Pittsburgh, PA  (1/83- 6/85)


Psychiatric Aide, Fairfield Hills Psychiatric Hospital, Newtown, CT  (9/79 -5/80) 







Program Director, Mental Health Counseling Program & Program Director, Counselor Education Program, University of North Florida (1/10 – 12/10).  (12/07 - (5/00)


Program Director, Master of Arts Program in Counseling Psychology, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL  (6/08 – 12/09)


Graduate Program Director, Department of Psychology Salisbury State University, Salisbury MD  (12/96- 5/97)


Outstanding Graduate Faculty Teaching Award, University of North Florida, 2007-2008

Recipient, Women's Studies Research Award, University of Pittsburgh, 1983




American Counseling Association
Association for Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Issues in Counseling
Association of Counselor Education and Supervision
American Psychological Association
Division 35: Psychology of Women
Membership Chair, Section 4
Association of Women in Psychology
American Mental Health Counselors Association
Florida Mental Health Counselors Association
Elected Counselor Education Faculty Representative, Florida Mental Health Counselors Association (5/02 – 2/04)

Publications & Presentations



Carroll, L. ( 2010). Counseling Sexual and Gender Minorities. Upper Saddle, New Jersey: Pearson/Merrill.




Carroll, L. & Tuason, M. T.  G. (in press).  "Perpetually Self-Reflective":  A Qualitative study of Adult Lesbians with Mothers Diagnosed with Severe Mental Illnesses."  The Counseing Psychologist.


Carroll, L., Güss, C. D., Hutchinson, K.S., Gauler, A. A. (2012). How Do U.S. Students
Perceive Trans Persons? Sex Roles, 67, 516-527.


Tuason, M.T. G., Güss, C. D. & Carroll, L. (2012). The Disaster Continues: A Qualitative Study
on the Experiences of Hurricane Katrina Survivors. Professional Psychology: Research & Practice, 43, 288-297.

Carroll, L. Carroll, L., Gauler, A., Relph, J. & Hutchinson, K. (2011). Therapist self-disclosure:
Does sexual orientation matter to straight clients? International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling, 33, 139-148.


Gilroy, P. & Carroll, L. (2009). Woman to woman sexual violence. Women & Therapy, 32, 4, 423-435.


Carroll, L., Gilroy, P., & Murra, J. (2003). The impact of gender and self-care on mental health
counselors' judgments of depressed colleagues. Journal of Counseling and Development, 81, 70 - 77.


Carroll, L., & Anderson, R. (2003). Body piercing and body investment in adolescent girls.
Adolescence, 37,627 – 637.


Gilroy, P., Carroll, L., & Murra, J. (2002). A preliminary survey of psychologists’ personal
experiences with depression and treatment. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33, 402 - 407.


Carroll, L. & Gilroy, P. (2002). The role of appearance and nonverbal behaviors in the perception of
sexual orientation among lesbians and gay men. Psychological Reports, 91, 115-122.


Carroll, L., Gilroy, P., & Ryan, J. (2002). Counseling transgendered, transsexual, and gender-variant
clients. Journal of Counseling and Development, 80, 131-139.


Carroll, L., & Gilroy, P. (2002). Transgender issues in counselor preparation. Counselor Education
and Supervision, 41, 233-242.


Gilroy, P., Carroll, L., Murra, J. (2001). Does depression affect clinical practice: A national survey of
Women psychotherapists. Women and Therapy, 23, 13-30.


Carroll, L. & Gilroy, P. (2001). Being out: Behavioral self-disclosure in lesbians and gay men. Journal
of Lesbian and Gay Psychotherapy, 4, 69-86.


Carroll, L. & Gilroy, P. (2001). Teaching "outside of the box": Incorporating Queer theory in
counselor education. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education, and Development. 40, 49-57.


Carroll, L., Gilroy, P., & Murra, J. (2000). Advocating for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender
persons: Overcoming barriers and resistances. Q: The Journal of the Association of Gay. Lesbian and Bisexual Issues in Counseling. [On-line], 1(1). Available: Num1/Carroll.htm



Carroll, L., Gilroy, P.J., & Murra, J. (1999). The moral imperative: Self-care for women
psychotherapists. Women and Therapy, 22, 133-143.


Carroll, L., Stovall, N., Turner, J., & Gilroy, P. (1999). A comparative study of interpersonal
relatedness, merger, and ego development in lesbian, gay male and heterosexual couples. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 9, 51-67.


Carroll, L., Gilroy, P., Hoenignmann-Stovall, N., & Turner, J. (1998). Sexual identities and
complementarity in lesbian and gay male couples. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 8, 1-12.





O’Shaughnessy, T. & Carroll, L. (2008). Coming to terms with gender identity: Counseling
transgendered students. In J. Lippincott (Ed.). Special populations in college student counseling. (pp.49-60). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association. 


Serwatka, T. S., & Carroll, L. (1999). Out of the school closet: The invisible minority. In D. Fenner,
(Ed.). Ethics in Education: An Anthology (pp. 109 – 140). New York, NY: Garland Press.


Carroll, L., & Serwatka, T. S. (1999). No safe places. In D. Rea & R. Warkentin (Eds.), Empowering
youth-at-risk with skills for school and life (pp. 160-165). New York: McGraw.


Carroll, L., Gilroy, P. J., & Murra, J. (1999). The moral imperative: Self-care for women
psychotherapists. In E. Kaschak & M. Hill, Beyond the rulebook: Moral issues and dilemmas in the practice of psychotherapy. New York: Haworth Press. (Published in Women & Therapy. 22, 2, 1999).






Carroll, L. & Gauler, A. (2009). Assisted Living: Are gender and sexual minority aged welcome?Division 44 Newsletter: Society of the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues, 25, 3, 20-21.


Carroll, L. (2005). Intersex. In J. Sears, (Ed.). Youth, education and sexualities. An international
encyclopedia (1st ed., Vol. 1) (pp. 440-444). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.


Carroll, L. (2005). Gender identity. In J. Sears, (Ed.). Youth, education and sexualities. An
international encyclopedia (1st ed., Vol. 1) (pp. 358-361). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.


Howard, T., & Carroll, L. (1999). Unity leadership: Building community in gay, lesbian, bisexual,
transgendered and supportive community organizations. The Community Psychologist. 32, 52 -54.


Carroll, L. & Tuason, M.T. G. A Qualitative Study of Adult Daughters of Mothers With Severe Mental Illnesses. 






Carroll,L.  Using Photovoice with LBT Elders:  The Untold Story.  Paper presented in the symposium entitled Raging and Aging Well:  The Arts and Activism in Women Elders at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, August 2015. 



Carroll, L. & Tuason, T. Mothers, Madness and Meaning: A Qualitative Study of Lesbian Daughters. Paper presented at the 1st International LGBT Psychology Conference in Lisbon, Portugal, June 2013.



Carroll, L. Mothers, Madness and Meaning: Using Autoethnography and Intersectionality to Explore Lesbian Identities. Paper to be presented at the Transdisciplinary Gender Studies Conference, University of West England Bristol, UK, June, 2011.


Carroll, L., & Gauler, A. Sex and Intimacy in Elder Sexual and Gender Minorities. Paper poster to be
presented at 118th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association at Washington, DC, August 2011.


Gauler, A., Carroll, L., & Hutchinson, K. The Impact of Gender Identity and Expression on
Social Interaction. Poster to be presented at 118th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association at Washington, DC, August 2011.


St. Juste, S., Gauler, A., & Carroll, L. Counseling Gender and Sexual Minorities with
Disabilities: Graduate Education Training Needs. Poster to be presented at 118th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association at Washington, DC, August 2011.


Carroll, L. & Gauler, A. (August, 2010). Disenfranchised grief and loss in LGBT residents of assisted living facilities: Clinical and social action implications. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association., San Diego, CA.


Gauler, G. & Carroll, L (August, 2010). How do helpers perceive gender variant persons? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Diego, CA. 


Carroll, L. (March, 2010). Life on Easy Street: An Autoethnography of Mental Illness and
Meaning. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Women in Psychology, Portland, OR.


Gauler, A. & Carroll, L. (August, 2009). Assisted Living: Are gender and sexual minority aged welcome?
Workshop to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto Ontario, Canada.


Carroll, L. (March 2009). Intersectionality: Mothers, mental illness and meaning. Paper to be presented at
the annual meeting of the Association for Women in Psychology, Newport, Rhode Island.


Carroll, L., & Gauler, A. (August 2008). Out-Living: Meeting the needs of aging sexual and gender
minorities. Workshop presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association,
Boston, MA.


Gauler, A., & Carroll, L. (August 2008). Responses to gender variant persons: Do empathy and curiosity
matter? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.


Carroll, L, & Gauler, A. (August 2007). Affirmative counseling for transgender youth. Workshop
presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, CA.


Gauler, A. & Carroll, L. (August 2007). Coming out to clients: Counseling trainees’ perceptions of
therapists’ effectiveness. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological
Association, San Francisco, CA.




Carroll, L., & Gauler, (March, 2011). A. “Out-Living:” Counseling Aging Sexual and Gender Minorities.
Workshop presented at 57th Annual Meeting of Southeastern Psychological Association at Jacksonville, Florida (accepted as CEU session).


Whittinghill, D., Brown, S., & Carroll, L. (September, 2006). Multi-trauma in sexual and gender
minority clients: Implications for clinical supervision. South Association for Counselor Education and Supervision, Annual Conference, Orlando, FL.


Carroll, L. (November, 2003). The efficacy of national depression screening days. Presenter and
panel member at the annual meeting of the Mental Health Forum for Professionals, Mental Health Association of Northeast Florida, Jacksonville, FL.


Carroll, L. (September, 2001). The interpersonal consequences of narcissistic and borderline
personality disorders. Continuing education workshop presented at the Northeast Florida Marriage and Family Therapy Association.


Carroll, L. (January, 2001). A Trans-affirmative Approach to Working with Transgender Persons.
Continuing education workshop presented at the Northeast Florida Mental Health Counselors Association.





Editorial Board Membership

Journal of Mental Health Counseling 

Journal of Counseling and Development  


Ad Hoc Reviewer

Sex Roles 

Psychology of Women Quarterly

Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science 

Personality and Individual Differences


Journal of Counseling Psychology 

Journal of Men and Masculinities 

Journal of Applied Social Psychology

CarrollContact Information

Building 51, Room 3123

(904) 620-1629