ADA Compliance Office
Building 6, Room 1314
Phone: (904) 620-2870
Fax: (904) 620-2585
Like UNF students, the web is full of potential. In order to make the most of that potential we aim to ensure that the web is accessible to individuals with disabilities. Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the Web, and that they can contribute to the Web as well. A key principle of Web accessibility is designing Web sites and software that are flexible to meet different user needs, preferences, and situations. Web accessibility is essential for people with disabilities and useful for all. Learn about the impact of accessibility and the benefits for everyone in a variety of situations by watching this video on web accessibility perspectives.
The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) were developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to provide international protocols and guidelines in order to ensure the ongoing growth of the web. For more detailed information on WCAG 2.0 visit the W3C's guide to the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0.
W3C has specified several layers of guidance in order to meet the varying needs of its audience, an audience that includes web designers and developers, policy makers, purchasing agents, teachers, and students.
These layers of guidance include overall principles, general guidelines, and testable success criteria. Provided below is a map of the WCAG 2.0 guideline layout:
The following list is a list of all of the WCAG 2.0 level AA guidelines and their success criteria. If you'd like more information, each guideline's title links to its individual W3C reference page for guidance on passing that guideline's criteria. Note that the entire web page with all its component parts must be meet all of the following guidelines, a part of a web page that is not compliant results in the entire page being non compliant.
1.1.1 – Non-text Content
Provide alt text for all non-text content.
1.2.1 – Audio-only and Video-only (Pre-recorded)
Provide an alternative to video-only and audio-only content.
1.2.2 – Captions (Pre-recorded)
Provide captions for videos with audio.
1.2.3 – Audio Description or Media Alternative (Pre-recorded)
Videos with audio have a second alternative such as a transcript.
1.2.4 – Captions (Live)
Live videos have captions provided.
1.2.5 – Audio Description (Pre-recorded)
Users have access to audio description for video content.
1.3.3 – Sensory Characteristics
Instructions for operating or understanding content do not rely on only sensory characteristics such as shape, size, visual location, or sound.
1.4.1 – Use of Color
Don’t use presentations that rely solely on color.
1.4.2 – Audio Control
Don’t play audio automatically.
1.4.3 – Contrast (Minimum)
Contrast ratio between text and background is at least 4.5:1.
1.4.4 – Resize Text
Text can be resized to 200% without loss of content or function.
1.4.5 – Images of Text
Don’t use images of text instead of text.
2.2.2 – Pause, Stop, Hide
Provide user controls for moving content.
2.3.1 – Three Flashes or Below
Ensure no content flashes more than three times per second.
2.4.1 – Bypass Blocks
Provide a ‘Skip to Content’ link on the page.
2.4.2 – Page Titled
Use clear, informative, and precise page titles.
2.4.3 – Focus Order
Ensure the content order of the page is logical.
2.4.4 – Link Purpose (In Context)
Ensure every link’s purpose is clear from its text context.
2.4.5 – Multiple Ways
Offer several ways to find pages within a website.
2.4.6 – Headings and Labels
Use headings and labels that describe topic or purpose.
2.4.7 – Focus Visible
Ensure keyboard focus is visible and clear with indicators.
3.1.2 – Language of Parts
Inform users when the human language on a page changes.
3.2.3 – Consistent Navigation
Use menu navigation and format consistently throughout the web site.
3.2.4 – Consistent Identification
Use and identify icons and buttons consistently.
3.3.3 – Error Suggestion
Provide suggested fixes when users make input errors.
3.3.4- Error Prevention (Legal, Financial, Data)
Reduce the risk of input errors for sensitive data.
4.1.2 – Name, Role, Value
Build all page elements for accessibility.
For more perspectives and tips on web accessibility visit the following.
The following are guides and tutorials to help you achieve web compliance.
Flashing & Flickering Content
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