ADA Compliance Office
Building 6, Room 1314
Phone: (904) 620-2870
Fax: (904) 620-2585
Meeting accessibility criteria doesn’t solely benefit one group, following accessibility criteria provides overlapping benefits for a wide array of individuals with disabilities or impairments. Plus following accessibility best practices results in a clearer and more understandable web page in general.
Ensuring accessibility is not only the right thing to do, it's the law. Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 prohibits discrimination by public entities against people with disabilities, this includes public colleges and universities. Title II overlaps with the previously existing Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act which generally has more detailed regulations. Section 504 prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities by recipients of federal financial assistance (Includes nearly all public and private colleges). Regulations in section 504 are generally more specific than Title II, and include requirements specific to colleges and universities, including the following excerpts from 34 CFR Part 104.
Title 28 CFR Part 35 -- Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in State and Local Government Services:
“A public entity shall take appropriate steps to ensure that communications with applicants, participants, and members of the public with disabilities are as effective as communications with others.” – 28 CFR 35.160(a)
Developed by the W3C, the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 are the internationally agreed upon standards for digital accessibility. At UNF, we strive to meet WCAG 2.0 at level AA for web compliance.
The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) were developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to provide international protocols and guidelines in order to ensure the ongoing growth of the web.
For more detailed information on WCAG 2.0 visit the W3C's guide to the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0.
W3C has specified several layer of guidance in order to meet the varying needs of its audience, an audience that includes web designers and developers, policy makers, purchasing agents, teachers, and students.
These layer of guidance include overall principles, general guidelines, and testable success criteria. Provided below is a map of the WCAG 2.0 guideline layout:
Screen readers are devices that enable individuals with blindness or low vision to access content online by providing speech output and keyboard navigation function for individuals who cannot use the mouse to navigate the computer. JAWS and NVDA are two different screen reader programs with the nearly the same uses and functions. JAWS is the most commonly used screen reader among users and it is used in addition to NVDA by the ADA Compliance office to access digital accessibility. NVDA, unlike JAWS, is a free to download program and is another often used screen reader. To test compliance we suggest using NVDA as it is free to download and use, download NVDA for your computer to be able to test your digital content with a screen reader.
WebAIM has a reference of NVDA Keyboard Shortcuts available as well as an article on using NVDA to evaluate web accessibility to use for further information.
This PowerPoint provides detailed instructions on how to fix common web accessibility issues in the CMS.
((PowerPoint to be added soon)).
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