Plants of the UNF Campus

Taxodium distichum - Bald cypress
Family Cupressaceae

Description:

 

Two or three species of Taxodium are native to North America. Some scientists separate the pond cypress and bald cypress while others lump them together. Bald cypress is a huge conifer of the southeastern United States. It is deciduous in winter, an unusual trait for a conifer. This has been a very important timber in the U.S., primarily due to its rot resistance. As a result, few old bald cypress remain in the wild. This is a tree of wet areas, tolerating seasonal flooding. The “knees” of bald cypress are growths from the roots into the air. Scientists still debate their function but it is possible that the knees assist with gas exchange for roots in soggy soils.

 

Location:

See this plant along the pond north of the library and along the nature trails at Lake Oneida.

Size:

Large tree capable of growing to over one hundred feet tall.

Care Instructions:

Light: full sun to part shade

Water: moderately drought tolerant once established

Soil: average soil, wide pH tolerance, no special requirements

 

This native tree is easy to grow in north Florida. It tolerates soggy soils and periodic flooding. In the garden, it has moderate drought tolerance.