Now is the time to begin your analysis of the data. But before your data can be analyzed it may need to be edited, coded and organized into some form for analysis. You might want to consider using your data in a spreadsheet software program such as Excel or SPSS.Depending on the type of action research that you are doing can change the type of analysis you might do. Descriptive statistics describe the data and can provide information about how a group has changed over time such as :
Inferential statistics provide additional information for your analysis. For example if you are looking at how a group changes over time you can use a t-tests or Chi-Square. If you are looking at differences between control and intervention groups, it would be better to use a t-test or Chi-Square. Or if your action research is set to look at differences among more than 2 groups then perhaps an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) would be the best choice.Consider finding a parent, colleague, or university partner(s) who already know how to input and analyze data. This assistance can make this part of the research process much easier.One tool that can be easily used to assist in analysis is a spreadsheet. The following is a list of some web locations for assistance and instruction for using a spreadsheet to run statistical analysis.
When you have interpreted your research results, you should plan to disseminate them, and use the findings to inform and change your practices.
In interpreting your results consider:
Action research seeks to use research-based knowledge and findings to actively change behavior. So the ultimate question to yourself is, "what will I do that is similar and what will I do that is different based on what I learned in my action research?"
One of the distinguishing features of Action Research is that its primary goal is to take personal action based on the research findings. Some of your options include:
Now is also the time to evaluate your action research process and look for what needs changing. Consider:
According to Mills (2000) and Kemmis and Wilkinson (1998) they suggest the following questions should be applied to your action research:
Asking participants what they learned from their involvement empowers them to think of themselves as active learners in an environment where evaluation is something to be used supportively for growth rather than something to be feared.
Action research results represent a considerable effort, and should be shared with others who may be seeking solutions to the same problems. Teachers read education publications and attend conferences in search of knowledge that will improve their practice.
Making a presentation at a conference
Writing an article for an educational publication
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