Because of the Immigration Act of 1965, the United States is arguably the most religiously diverse country of all time. The Immigration Act abolished the National Origins Formula which dictated immigration policy prior to 1965. The National Origins Formula excluded Asians and Africans from immigrating to the U.S. and preferred Northern and Western Europeans over Southern and Eastern Europeans. Once the Origins Formula was abolished, the population of immigrants from Latin America, Asia, Africa & the Middle East increased.
The Immigration Act of 1965 not only diversified the U.S.'s ethnic and racial makeup, it also expanded the religious diversity in the country. A new wave of immigrants brought a new wave of religious identities to the country. Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Zoroastrians and new varieties of Jews and Catholics immigrated from India and other parts of Asia, Latin America and Africa.
As immigrants assimilated into American life, more Americans began to appropriate these newly introduced religions for themselves. Now, in 2013, you may meet someone who identifies as a "Catholic Hindu" or a "spiritual" but not "religious" Christian. Additionally, in recent years there has been in increase in the number of religiously "unaffiliated" Americans. The PEW Research Center recently published a study which showed that nearly 33% of Americas between the ages of 18 and 30 consider themselves either atheist, agnostic, spiritual but not religious, or simply unaffiliated.
Dr. Diana L. Eck, professor at Harvard and director of the Pluralism Project, says that pluralism is not simply diversity. Diversity is plurality, plain and simple; Dr. Eck defines pluralism as, "the engagement that creates a common society from all that plurality." In other words, pluralism is positive engagement between different religious and non-religious people. The following are four specifications regarding what pluralism is, and is not.
The Interfaith Center at UNF strives to make pluralism a cornerstone of diversity on UNF campus. We develop and implement programs that provide opportunities for interfaith engagement and cooperation. The Interfaith Center also seeks to make interfaith cooperation a UNF priority. We use Interfaith Youth Core's (IFYC) model for our understanding about interfaith cooperation.
Interfaith Youth Core is a non-profit organization in Chicago, IL which seeks to make interfaith cooperation a social norm.
The way IFYC understands pluralism is:
IFYC believes that pluralism is achieved by two things:
 Diana L. Eck, “What is Pluralism,” Pluralism.org, <www.pluralism.org/pages/pluralism/what_is_pluralism
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