Thobias  Sando

Associate Professor

Civil Engineering • College of Computing, Engineering & Construction

Areas of Expertise

• Transit Intermodal Facility Design
• Traffic operations
• Transportation Planning
• Network traffic flow modeling and simulation
• Applications of Global Positioning System (GPS) in transportation
• Applications of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in transportation
• Modeling of safety data
• Applications of remote sensing technologies in Transportation Engineering
• Evaluation of emerging transportation technologies
 

Education

Ph.D. Florida State University Civil Engineering     (Transportation)          2002 – 2005
 

M.S. Florida State University Civil Engineering       (Transportation)          2001 – 2002
 

B.S. University of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania           (Civil Engineering)      1995 – 1999
 

Biography

Aug 2007 – Present: University of North Florida – Assistant Professor
 

Jan 2007 – Aug 2007: Reynolds, Smith & Hills, Inc. – Transportation Engineer
 

Jan 2006 – Dec 2006: Connelly & Wicker Inc. – Roadway Design Engineer
 

Jan 2001 – Dec 2005: Florida State University – Graduate Research/Teaching Assistant

Grants and Contracts Awarded

Sando, T (PI). “Safety Implications of Transit Operator Schedule Policies – Phase II: Evaluation of the Influence of Transit Operator External Driving Hours and Rest Breaks on Transit Safety”, Funded by the Florida Department of Transportation, Victor Wiley (Project Manager), June 25, 2012 to November 25, 2013. $100,000.

 

Sando, T (PI) and Hunter, W. (Co-PI). “The Operational Analysis of Shared Lane Markings on Roadways with Speeds Greater than 35 mph”, Funded by the Florida Department of Transportation, Mary Anne Koos (Project Manager), June 1, 2009 to March 31, 2013. $103,556.

 

Hillsman, E (PI)[USF], Cevallos, F (Co-PI)[FIU], and Sando, T (Co-PI)[UNF]. “Conserve by Transit II - Carbon Footprints for Florida Transit", Funded by the Florida Department of Transportation, Amy Datz (Project Manager), January 15, 2010 to June 30, 2011. $160,000.

 

Sando, T. (PI) “Developing UNF Campus Emergency Evacuation Plan”. Funded by the UNF Academic Affairs under “Transformational Learning Opportunity (TLO) Program and UNF Crisis Management Team”. January 2, 2011 to August 31, 2011. $32,077.

 

Sando, T (PI). “Revisions of Transit Stations and Lane Width Projects.”, Funded by the Florida Department of Transportation, Amy Datz (Project Manager), November 1, 2009 to May 31, 2010. $24,000.

 

Sando, T (PI) and Moses, R. (Co-PI). “Safety Implications of Transit Operator Schedule Policies", Funded by the Florida Department of Transportation, Victor Wiley (Project Manager), October 1, 2009 to September 30, 2010. $80,000.

 

Sando, T (PI) and Moses, R. (Co-PI). “Operational and Safety Impacts of Restriping Inside Lanes of Urban Multi Lane Curbed Roadways to 11' or Less to Create Wider Outside Curb Lanes for Bicyclists”, Funded by the Florida Department of Transportation, Mary Anne Koos (Project Manager), June 1, 2009 to November 30, 2010. $131,605.

 

Sando, T. “Development of Transit Related Grant Proposal with FDOT.” Funded by the UNF Academic Affairs from Summer Proposal Development Funds. May 1, 2009 to August 30, 2009. $ 7,500.

 

Sando, T and El-Safty, A. “Mass Transit Field Study: Washington, D.C. Subway System.” Funded by the UNF Academic Affairs under “Transformational Learning Opportunity” Program. July 1, 2009 to June 30, 2010. $9,000.

 

Sando, T (PI) and Moses, R. (Co-PI). “Integrating Transit into Complete Streets Design Policies.”, Funded by the Florida Department of Transportation, Amy Datz (Project Manager), October 24, 2008 to April 31, 2009. $78,000.

 

Sando, T (PI) and Moses, R. (Co-PI). “Facility Design and Engineering for Intermodal Transportation Connectivity.”, Funded by the Florida Department of Transportation, Amy Datz (Project Manager), January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2008. $75,000.

Publications & Presentations

PUBLICATIONS IN PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS

 

Hillsman, E.L., Cevallos, F., and, Sando, T. Carbon Footprints for Public Transportation Agencies in Florida. Transportation Research Record, the TRB Journal. In Press.

 

Sando, T. and Mohr, D. “Planning Sample Sizes for Before-After Accident Comparisons” Journal of Accident Analysis & Prevention. Volume 45, 2012, pp 826-827.

 

Sando, T., Chimba, D. Kwigizile, V., and Walker, H “Safety Analysis of Continuous Green through Lane Intersections.” Journal of Transportation Research Forum, Volume 50, # 1, 2011, pp 5-17.

 

Kwigizile, V., Sando, T. and Chimba, D. Inconsistencies of Ordered and Unordered Probability Models for Pedestrian Injury Severity. Transportation Research Record, Volume 2264, Transportation Research Board, 2011, pp. 110-118.

 

Kwigizile, V., Chimba, D., and Sando, T. “A Cross-Nested Logit Model for Trip Type-Mode Choice: An Application.” Advances in Transportation Studies, An International Journal. Section A 23, 2011, pp 29-40.

 

Chimba, D., Sando, T., and Kwigizile, V. “Effect of Bus Sizes and Operations to Crash Occurrences”. Journal of Accident Analysis & Prevention. Volume 42, 2011, pp 2063-2067.

 

Chimba, D. and Sando, T. “Multinomial probability assessment of motorcycle injury severities”, Advances in Transportation Studies, An International Journal, Section B 21, 2010, pp 73-80.

 

Chimba, D. and Sando, T. “The prediction of highway traffic accident injury severity with neuromorphic techniques", Advances in Transportation Studies, An International Journal, Section A 19, 2009, pp 17-26.

 

Sando, T. and Moses, R. “The Influence of Intersection Geometrics on the Operation of Triple Left-Turn Lanes”, ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering, Volume 135, # 5, 2009, pp 253-259.

 

Mbatta, G., Sando, T., and Moses, R. “Developing Transit Station Design Criteria with a Focus on Intermodal Connectivity”, Journal of Transportation Research Forum, Volume 47, # 3, 2008, pp 77-91.

 

Sando, T., Mussa, R., Sobanjo, J., and Spainhour, L. “Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Crash Modeling Techniques”, Journal of Safety Research, Volume 36, # 5, 2005, pp 485-487. Extracted from conference proceedings.

 

Sando, T. and Mussa, R., Sobanjo, J. and Spainhour, L. “Quantification of the Accuracy of Low Priced GPS Receivers for Crash Location,” Transportation Research Forum, Summer, 2005, pp. 19-32.

 

Sando, T. and Mussa, R. “Site Characteristics Affecting Operation of Triple Left-Turn Lanes,” Transportation Research Record, Volume 1852, Transportation Research Board, November 2003, pp. 55-62.

 

PUBLICATIONS IN PEER-REVIEWED FULL-PAPER REFEREED PROCEEDINGS

 

Kwigizile, V., Sando, T. and Chimba, D. Modeling Bicyclist Injury Severity: Focus on Impact of Alcohol and Drug Use. Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 91st Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2012.

 

Hillsman, E.L., Cevallos, F., and Sando, T. Carbon Footprints for Public Transportation Agencies in Florida. Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 91st Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2012.

 

Mbatta, G., Sando, T., and Moses, R. Developing Lane-Width Crash Modification Factors for Urban Multilane Roadways with Curb-and-Gutter and Asymmetric Lanes. Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 91st Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2012.

 

Sando, T., Angel, M., Mtoi, E., and Moses, R. Analysis of the Relationship between Operator Driving Hours and Involvement in Preventable Collisions. Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 90th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2011.

 

Sando, T., Mtoi, E., and Moses, R. Potential Causes of Driver Fatigue: A Study of Transit Bus Operators in Florida. Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 90th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2011.

 

Kwigizile, V., Sando, T. and Chimba, D. Inconsistencies of Ordered and Unordered Probability Models for Pedestrian Injury Severity. Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 90th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2011.

 

Sando, T., Chimba, D. Kwigizile, V., and Moses, R. Operational Analysis of Interaction between Vehicles and Bicyclists on Highways with Wide Curb Lanes. Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 90th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2011.

 

Sando, T., Chimba, D., Kwigizile, V., and Walker, H. Safety Characteristics of Unconventional Continuous Green Through Lane Intersections, Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 89th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2010.

 

Sando, T., Mbatta, G., Chimba, D., and Moses, R. Influence of Narrower Lanes on Bus Sideswipe Crashes, Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 89th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2010.

 

Chimba, D., Sando, T., Kwigizile, V., and Moses, R. Synchronizing Roadway and Traffic Operations Influencing Bus Crashes, Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 89th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2010.

 

Sando, T. and Mussa, R. Quantification of the effects of Geometric Features on Operational Performance of Triple Left-Turn Intersections. Published in the Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Highway Geometric Design, Chicago, Illinois, June 2005.

 

Sando, T. and Mussa, R. Site Characteristics Affecting Operation of Triple Left-Turn Lanes, Published in the Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board 82nd Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2003.

 

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS IN ABSTRACT REVIEWED CONFERENCES

 

Sando, T., Mbatta G., and Moses, R. A Proposed Procedure for Developing Transit Station Design Criteria with a Focus on Intermodal Connectivity. Paper in Proceedings of the Institute of Transportation Engineers 2009 Annual Meeting and Exhibit. San Antonio, Texas, August 2009.

 

Sando, T., Mbatta, G, and Moses, R. Development of the Design Handbook for Bus, Rapid Transit & Rail Projects in Florida. Paper presented at the Bi-Annual FDOT Design Conference in Orlando, FL, August, 2008.

 

Sando, T. The Influence of daylight Savings Time in PM Peak Travel Pattern on I-95 Corridor in Jacksonville, FL. Paper presented at the 49th Annual Forum of the Transportation Research Forum. Fort Worth, TX, March 2008.

 

Sando, T., Mussa, R., Sobanjo, J., and Spainhour, L. Implementation of Acyclic Graph Technique in Modeling Highway Safety Data. Paper to be presented at the 47th Annual Forum of the Transportation Research Forum. New York, NY, March 2006.

 

Sando, T., Mussa, R., Sobanjo, J., and Spainhour, L. Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Crash Modeling Techniques. Paper presented at the 31st International Traffic Records Forum. Buffalo, New York, July 2005.

 

Sando, T., Mussa, R., Sobanjo, J., and Spainhour, L. GPS Usability in Crash Location. Paper in Proceedings of the Institute of Transportation Engineers 2004 Annual Meeting and Exhibit. Orlando, Florida, August 2004.

 

Wu, H., Sando, T., Mussa, R., Sobanjo, J., and Spainhour, L. “GPS/GIS Integration for Improving Crash Location Data Accuracy,” Paper in Proceedings of ESRI International GIS User Conference, San Diego , California , August 2004.

 

Sando, T., Mussa, R., Wu, H., Sobanjo, J., and Spainhour, L. “A Cost-Effective GIS Safety Analysis Tool for Improving Highway Safety,” Paper in Proceedings of ESRI International GIS User Conference, San Diego, California, August 2004.

 

Sando, T., Mussa, R., Sobanjo, J., and Spainhour, L. Development of a Cost-Effective GIS Crash Analysis Tool for Highway Safety Improvement. Paper presented at the 30th International Traffic Records Forum. Nashville, Tennessee, July 2004.

 

Sando, T., Mussa, R., Sobanjo, J., and Spainhour, L. The Potential of GPS Receivers for Improving the Accuracy of Crash Location Data. Paper presented at the 30th International Traffic Records Forum. Nashville, Tennessee, July 2004.

 

Sando, T., Chimba, D. and Mussa, R. Macro Analysis of Statewide Interstate System Crash Data - GIS Approach. Paper presented at the 30th International Traffic Records Forum. Nashville, Tennessee, July 2004.

 

Sando, T. and Mussa, R. Factors Affecting Operation of Triple Left Turn Lanes. Paper in Proceedings of Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) 2003 Technical Conference and Exhibit, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, March 23-26, 2003.

 

Mussa, R., Sando, T. and Muchuruza, V. “Laboratory Evaluation of Adhesives Used in Installation of Piezoelectric Sensors.” Poster Presentation at the North American Travel Monitoring Exhibition & Conference, Orlando, FL, May 12-16, 2002.


 

SandoContact Information

Building 50, Room 2102

(904) 620-1142

t.sando@unf.edu