ADA Compliance Office
Building 6, Room 1314
Phone: (904) 620-2870
Fax: (904) 620-2585
UNF strives to ensure that everyone feels welcome to both its physical and online campus!
Meeting accessibility criteria doesn’t solely benefit one group, following accessibility criteria provides overlapping benefits for a wide array of individuals with disabilities or impairments. Plus following accessibility best practices results in a clearer and more understandable web page in general.
Ensuring accessibility is not only the right thing to do, it's the law. Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 prohibits discrimination by public entities against people with disabilities, this includes public colleges and universities. Title II overlaps with the previously existing Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act which generally has more detailed regulations. Section 504 prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities by recipients of federal financial assistance (Includes nearly all public and private colleges). Regulations in section 504 are generally more specific than Title II, and include requirements specific to colleges and universities, including the following excerpts from 34 CFR Part 104.
Title 28 CFR Part 35 -- Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in State and Local Government Services:
“A public entity shall take appropriate steps to ensure that communications with applicants, participants, and members of the public with disabilities are as effective as communications with others.” – 28 CFR 35.160(a)
Developed by the W3C, the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 are the internationally agreed upon standards for digital accessibility. At UNF, we strive to meet WCAG 2.0 at level AA for web compliance.
The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) were developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to provide international protocols and guidelines in order to ensure the ongoing growth of the web.
For more detailed information on WCAG 2.0 visit the W3C's guide to the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0.
W3C has specified several layer of guidance in order to meet the varying needs of its audience, an audience that includes web designers and developers, policy makers, purchasing agents, teachers, and students.
These layer of guidance include overall principles, general guidelines, and testable success criteria. Provided below is a map of the WCAG 2.0 guideline layout:
All of the following success criteria must be met in order for a web page to be considered compliant. The entire web page with all its component parts must be meet the following guidelines, a part of a web page that is not compliant results in the entire page being non compliant.
1.1.1 – Non-text Content
Provide alt text for all non-text content.
1.2.1 – Audio-only and Video-only (Pre-recorded)
Provide an alternative to video-only and audio-only content.
1.2.2 – Captions (Pre-recorded)
Provide captions for videos with audio.
1.2.3 – Audio Description or Media Alternative (Pre-recorded)
Videos with audio have a second alternative such as a transcript.
1.2.4 – Captions (Live)
Live videos have captions provided.
1.2.5 – Audio Description (Pre-recorded)
Users have access to audio description for video content.
1.3.3 – Sensory Characteristics
Instructions for operating or understanding content do not rely on only sensory characteristics such as shape, size, visual location, or sound.
1.4.1 – Use of Color
Don’t use presentations that rely solely on color.
1.4.2 – Audio Control
Don’t play audio automatically.
1.4.3 – Contrast (Minimum)
Contrast ratio between text and background is at least 4.5:1.
1.4.4 – Resize Text
Text can be resized to 200% without loss of content or function.
1.4.5 – Images of Text
Don’t use images of text instead of text.
2.2.2 – Pause, Stop, Hide
Provide user controls for moving content.
2.3.1 – Three Flashes or Below
Ensure no content flashes more than three times per second.
2.4.1 – Bypass Blocks
Provide a ‘Skip to Content’ link on the page.
2.4.2 – Page Titled
Use clear, informative, and precise page titles.
2.4.3 – Focus Order
Ensure the content order of the page is logical.
2.4.4 – Link Purpose (In Context)
Ensure every link’s purpose is clear from its text context.
2.4.5 – Multiple Ways
Offer several ways to find pages within a website.
2.4.6 – Headings and Labels
Use headings and labels that describe topic or purpose.
2.4.7 – Focus Visible
Ensure keyboard focus is visible and clear with indicators.
3.1.2 – Language of Parts
Inform users when the human language on a page changes.
3.2.3 – Consistent Navigation
Use menu navigation and format consistently throughout the web site.
3.2.4 – Consistent Identification
Use and identify icons and buttons consistently.
3.3.3 – Error Suggestion
Provide suggested fixes when users make input errors.
3.3.4- Error Prevention (Legal, Financial, Data)
Reduce the risk of input errors for sensitive data.
4.1.2 – Name, Role, Value
Build all page elements for accessibility.
This PowerPoint provides detailed instructions on how to fix common web accessibility issues in the CMS.
((PowerPoint to be added soon)).
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