Nausea and Vomitting

Nausea is a very unpleasant feeling in the pit of the stomach. Someone who is nauseated may feel weak and sweaty and produce lots of saliva. Intense nausea often leads to vomiting, which forces stomach contents up the esophagus and out the mouth. Home treatment will help ease the discomfort. Nausea and vomiting may be caused by:

  • Viral stomach flu or food poisoning
  • Stress or nervousness
  • Medications (especially antibiotics and anti-inflammatories)
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Migraine
  • Head injury

Nausea and vomiting can also be signs of other serious illnesses.

Home Treatment

  • If vomiting is severe and persistent, stop all food for several hours or until you are feeling better. Take frequent small sips of water or a rehydration drink.
  • Drink only clear noncarbonated liquids such as water, weak tea, diluted juice or broth for the next 12 to 24 hours. Start with a few sips at a time and increase gradually.
  • If vomiting lasts longer than 24 hours, sip a rehydration drink to restore lost fluids and nutrients.
  • Rests in bed until you are feeling better.
  • Watch for and treat early signs of dehydration.

When you are feeling better, begin eating clear soups, mild foods and liquids until all symptoms are gone for 12 to 48 hours, depending on how you feel. Jell-O, dry toast, crackers, and cooked cereal are good choices.